If a Bitcoin address was created upon the opening of a Binance or Coinbase account, is there anything in the address itself, or its activity, that can give clues to whether it was in fact created on Binance or Coinbase? So that the tracer can approach that exchange and complain about that account's activity?
The transactions involved in BTC deposit to an address assigned by centralized exchanges normally follows this path:
Bitcoin wallet of user ---> Exchange Deposit address for this user ---> Exchange moves funds from multiple hot wallets to cold storage address
These cold storage addresses are known for many exchanges and sometimes even hot wallets.
The type of address also helps. For example: if it's a legacy address starting with "1" you can look for exchanges that do not use segwit addresses for BTC deposits.