Using non-standard terminology leads to confusion. Your question uses terms like "client", "web-based". "read" and "write" in ways that are not commonly used when discussing Bitcoin.
Web based client
This sort of web based application isn't a Bitcoin node and does not participate in the Bitcoin network. It typically communicates in a proprietary way with some 3rd party service who own some Bitcoin. The user of such a web based application owns no money as far as the Bitcoin network is concerned.
Bitcoin was invented to avoid the need for this sort of 3rd party intermediary who has to be trusted.
Each full node accumulates all the data it needs to calculate a balance for a human. The Bitcoin network itself has no knowledge of balances. Nodes don't need to know balances to interoperate or to validate transactions.
For example, Bitcoin core can present a person with a "balance". But to calculate that it peruses the transaction journal, adds credits and subtracts debits for each "address" of interest. Obviously this total can be cached in persistent storage for efficiency.
So the node read from by a person interested in a balance is typically the local node they run themselves.
For people who don't own Bitcoin themselves but who give money to third parties in return for an IOU denominated in Bitcoin, there is no Bitcoin node that knows money is owed to them and such people have to use proprietary software to consult with the business that issued the IOU. Usually these businesses provide software that creates the illusion that their customers have direct control of Bitcoin.
Things to remember
- Bitcoin is cash, not a bank account.
- No single person, organisation or consortium owns the Bitcoin network
- No single person, organisation or consortium controls Bitcoin standards
- No one is in charge of the Bitcoin system
- bitcoin.org is just an information site about Bitcoin, with links to various wallet software. It doesn't develop, intermediate, serve, or interact in any way with Bitcoin wallets software except guiding users who want to download one (ref PW comment below).
- The system was originally designed so that each person keeps their money under their own control using only software they run on their own computer. It can still be used this way and many do.
- This software is called a "wallet" - even though it never contains money. It allows the user to create Bitcoin transactions.
- Other businesses sometimes call other things "wallets" even though they don't give the customer custody of their own money as a standard Bitcoin wallet does.
- Miners don't really have any special privileges or rights.