How would I go about making the simplest form of a CPU bitcoin miner? I have not been able to find documentation on the whole process...
If you're fluent in Python, there is a reference RPC miner, written by one of bitcoin's developers: https://github.com/jgarzik/pyminer
Here, a nice explanation (even if the post is old) http://www.righto.com/2014/02/bitcoin-mining-hard-way-algorithms.html
This is a great tutorial for that, if you are familiar with python: