A brain wallet usually applies a hash function on a passphrase to derive the private key. But what if the private key itself is memorable and we just use the private key as the brain wallet?

For example it is very easy to memorize this private key:

Private key: 5JustSomeVeryEasyToRememberBitcoinPrivateKeyWALEmag
Address: 1GtAW7vntpij1q8Mqi3FQw8R1gAd9rnRV4

2 Answers 2


A series of random words (not a sentence!) long enough to use as a secure key should be about 12 words long, which could be around 100 characters long (figuring they're fairly long, 7-8 average, with a space in between). This gives you 2^128 combinations that you might have to try to crack your password, which might take about 1 billion billion years.

A private key, in base 58 format, is 51 characters long. Your idea of using a 51-character sentence as a private key would probably give about 51 bits of entropy (English is around 0.6 to 1.3 bits per character), which could be cracked in about 12.5 seconds.


If it is easy to remember, it is almost certainly easy to guess.

And by guess, I don't mean a single person trying a few sentences in some time. I mean exposing yourself to a brute force attack by the entire world (the block chain data is public), for eternity.

  • I agree and the example I gave is probably too obvious. But maybe a randomly chosen sequence of words followed by a checksum is strong enough? Consider this example: 5HumanPerfumeLatticeDeceiveCementRuneHydrogenDGA1s5
    – uminatsu
    Mar 13, 2014 at 18:11
  • 2
    If you're doing that, you might as well remember seven words generated at random and hash them with a standard algorithm to generate the key. It would take less effort than remembering the checksum. Mar 13, 2014 at 18:59
  • Pretty much anything a human can even come up with (except when using diceware, ...) has only a fraction of the entropy that is assumed by the cryptography. Mar 13, 2014 at 19:28

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