Besides “Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System”, which is more like a brief description of the general framework, are there other ‘scientific or research grade’ studies about Bitcoin technology? Can similar decentralized crypto-currency models be found in the literature?

  • related question: bitcoin.stackexchange.com/q/36/46 Commented Sep 1, 2011 at 14:38
  • 2
    also, note that the paper you link has not been published or peer-reviewed and thus it is contentious if it counts as a scientific study. Commented Sep 1, 2011 at 14:38
  • @Artem: Yes, that's a good guide to roughly understand the mechanisms of Bitcoin. But nothing really convincing in there. Commented Sep 1, 2011 at 15:00
  • Voting to close because there can't be an accepted complete answer to this question.
    – ripper234
    Commented Sep 1, 2011 at 16:04
  • 1
    @ripper: The problem is that some knowledge about existing works is needed if we are to allow science/technology-related questions here. My opinion is that these questions are obviously on-topic here, but maybe we should start some discussion on meta? Commented Sep 1, 2011 at 17:28

6 Answers 6


Bitcoin is a relatively new phenomenon and the peer-review process takes a while, so there is not much out there yet.

The most notable is a network analysis of bitcoin transactions done around the alleged "allinvain" theft earlier this year.


Other than that, there are currently a few articles published in academic journals that focus on bitcoin (as well as pop-sci and pop-compsci articles in various places)

For example

Grinberg, Reuben, Bitcoin: An Innovative Alternative Digital Currency (April 21, 2011). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1817857

The best answer may be to do this in the form of a community wiki where articles published in academic journals can be posted by subject, as if bitcoin survives it will obviously start to receive a lot of attention.

  • Thanks for the first link. The second one is not technology related. Commented Sep 1, 2011 at 16:11

Yes, there are studies about decentralized digital currencies. Some of them use ideas very similar to what Bitcoin chose, for instance refer to chapter 2 of this thesis. The following Google scholar serarches will give you more reading:




The basic premise of a decentralized mint is not a new idea, and has been studied for a while.


I think that http://bitcoinacademic.wordpress.com could be able to help. There is a wide collection of academic research in many fields. However, you are right, there are not that many peer reviewed journal articles out there, but I do think some of this research is valuable and provides interesting insights.


Let's group all the answers in this Wiki. Suggestions shall be provided in new answers, relevant (voted) ones will be included in this list, sorted by category and publication date.

Distributed currency models

Bitcoin studies

  • I think Garcia's thesis was published in 2008; the author was born in 1978... which can be a bit misleading on the title page of the pdf. Commented Sep 1, 2011 at 17:06
  • Yes, this was looking rather strange :-) This is wiki, it means you are encouraged to fix mistakes by yourself. (Btw, that's also true for obvious mistakes in normal posts.) Commented Sep 1, 2011 at 17:16

There are some papers on Bitcoin and related topics here: - http://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Research


Christian Decker maintains a pretty extended list of academic studies about Bitcoin : https://cdecker.github.io/btcresearch/.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.