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The vast majority of the Bitcoin trading platforms both in the US and the UK require some sort of ID verification in order to make Deposits/Withdrawals.

Is this because of these two countries current legislation? does this obey to some sort of policy?

Thanks.

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In the US, these are called "Know your Customer", and "Anti Money Laundering" (KYC/AML) laws and is enforced by FINCEN (financial crimes enforcement network) in the US for any businesses that qualifies as a "Money Service Business" or "Money Transmitter".

This guidance published on March 2013, http://fincen.gov/statutes_regs/guidance/html/FIN-2013-G001.html , makes it clear that Bitcoin exchanges must comply with existing regulation for KYC/AML.

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    It also protects the exchange against all kinds of scams. It directly protects against a single entity controlling a large number of accounts and using them to perform wash trades or create false volume. And it indirectly protects against fraud because customers know that they exchange can come after them legally if they're not anonymous. – David Schwartz Oct 19 '15 at 4:35
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KYC and AML are required if the entity is moving money from A to B. Those entities are referred to as MSB (Money Services Business). However crypto exchanges are are not truly MSB's but they still do KYC and AML. See this insightful article: https://hackernoon.com/bitcoin-is-not-money-if-you-seek-compliance-you-are-asking-for-trouble-cbe9107e5298?source=linkShare-ea6a485c6847-1499320847

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