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Why the total number of bitcoin is limited? Is there a protocol in the block or somewhere so that the participants can't violate the rule?

The first one who find the block can receive the bitcoin for award. But if the total number of bitcoin is limited, does it means that the total number of block is limited? However, it seems that the total number of block is unlimited, or the transaction will be stopped.

I don't know where I was wrong?

marked as duplicate by Alex Waters, Murch May 30 '16 at 7:50

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

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The limitation in the number of bitcoins is by design and determined in the protocol code. It is a desirable feature because it makes the money supply predictable and independent of human decisions like it happens with fiat money.

You are right about the block finder being awarded the reward, but that reward halves every two years. At this moment it is 25 bitcoins per block, but in July it will go down to 12.5 bitcoins per block. And two years after that, it will be 6.25. Then, when the total supply gets to 21 million, there will be no more rewards. Blocks will keep happening, but the fees of the transactions in the block will be only reward the miner will get.

From bitcoin.org FAQ:

Bitcoins are created at a decreasing and predictable rate. The number of new bitcoins created each year is automatically halved over time until bitcoin issuance halts completely with a total of 21 million bitcoins in existence. At this point, Bitcoin miners will probably be supported exclusively by numerous small transaction fees. https://bitcoin.org/en/faq#how-are-bitcoins-created

  • "It is a desirable feature because it makes the money supply predictable and independent of human decisions like it happens with fiat money." Basically all cryptocurrencies have this property, even ones that make an unlimited amount of coins. – PyRulez May 14 '16 at 11:46
  • @PyRulez Yes, I was comparing to fiat money, not other cryptos. – Fernando Gutierrez May 14 '16 at 12:35

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