For a World of Warcraft community feature conception contest I've come up with something that involves a leaderboard. However, World of Warcraft addons are purely individual, so a centralize platform where a leaderboard is usually saved is not possible. Because of this, it would be trivial to fake the sending of leaderboard updates to the community.
I've been reading about the blockchain recently, and it seems like this might be a way to fix this. The blockchain can protect the integrity of Bitcoin transactions, so it seems like it might protect this. However, I'm not 100% sure.
My main concern is to avoid people abusing the leaderboard by giving themselves extra points. However, Bitcoin transactions are usually between 2 parties. Could the blockchain work with only positive transactions that only involve a single party?
Technical explanation: The general concept is that users can get points for completing certain challenges and compete with each other on a constantly updated leaderboard, similar to how some multiplayer games have a list of best players (cfr. Diablo 2). There are no rewards linked with the leaderboard beyond bragging rights.
The problem, however, is that leaderboards are susceptible to manipulation by malicious players unless they have enough verification that people actually achieved what they said they did. Most games fix this by having the leaderboard being hosted on a remote server where the game tells the server what happened and the server checks if the client could have done that.
However, in World of Warcraft, addons are local-only: you cannot configure an addon as a server to receive messages and do central validation. You can send messages from one addon client to other clients via a central addon message channel, but you cannot say "only send messages to this client", because the channel is not secured and any addon can register to listen to a channel. In addition, addons are written in human-readable LUA code and may not be obfuscated.
Because of this, it's easy for a malicious user to manipulate his addon and just spoof the messages. Or even write an addon that will send an autocomplete for every newly generated challenge. This is the problem with distributed leaderboards, they are easily manipulated because there is no verification of integrity.
However, from what I understand, Bitcoin has managed to fix this issue through the blockchain. Transactions are publicly logged, community consensus is required for transactions to be completed and the final state can by verified by anyone. However, the Bitcoin blockchain handles transactions between 2 parties, so there is always 2 sources for each transaction. Because of this, it's unlikely for any single user to be able to manipulate the blockchain.
However, with leaderboards, there are no multiple parties in a transaction. Each transaction is just a player receiving challenge points locally based on something that happens on their machine. So there is no second party that helps against manipulation. This is one of the reasons why I'm concerned the blockchain might not work for this.
Is there an aspect of the blockchain that can help defend against this? And if not, (although somewhat off-topic) is there a different method that could help defend against forgery?