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Imagine that I wrote a redeem script. I calculated the related P2SH address, and sent some bitcoins to that address. In order to spend that bitcoins, I need to remember two things:

  1. The private keys that are needed by the redeem script.
  2. The redeem script itself.

Using the bitcoind RPC interface I can store in my wallet P2PKH addresses and their related private keys. I would like to store also the P2SH address and related redeem script: it would be nice to have an RPC method that parses the script string, stores the script in the wallet and returns the P2SH address.

Is it possible? What if I forget the redeem script that is necessary to spend bitcoins from a P2SH? Am I missing something? Is it true that it's useful to store redeem scripts in the wallet and not only with private keys?

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In the context of multsig scripts, the sender should be the one actually including the M of N multsig script in the transaction. But because many senders willing to send to a multsig script would bear the high transaction costs due to increase in transaction size, we use P2SH of a script.

So, what the network doing is that it is shifting the cost from the sender to the multsig owners(recipient).

The receiver should present the redeem script(multisig script) to spend the UTXO later.

Now about forgetting the redeem script, because the P2SH is a hash..the script cannot be recovered back if forgotten and the bitcoin is forever locked inside the unspendable UTXO. Atleast in the case of multsig scripts, the receiver willing to spend that UTXO would just need the public keys satisfying the constraint and their signatures.

Losing the redeem script will lock away the bitcoins in the UTXO forever

The addmultsigaddress method in the Bitcoin Core RPC stores the redeem script in the core wallet for multsig functionality. Many other wallet implementations might store the redeem script based on their goals of implementation.

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