As I understand for BIP32. There are 2048 words.

12 words would give you 2048^12 combinations. However, not all combinations are valid because of the checksum, so how do i calculate the actual space?


BIP 32 is not a mnemonic specification, so it has 0 possible combinations.

I assume you are talking about BIP 39. In that case there are are 2048^12 combinations for 12 word mnemonics, 2048^18 for 18 word mnemonics, and 2048^24 for 24 word mnemonics. However BIP 39 currently supports 8 languages, so there are (2048^12 + 2048^18 + 2048^24)*8 possible combinations.

The checksum doesn't matter because BIP 39 does not specify that the checksum must be enforced. The checksum can be invalid, and all that BIP 39 compliant software should do is show a warning.

  • Thank you for the response. I understand that there are 2048^12 combinations. Is there a way to know what combinations are invalid out of that space according to the checksum? Thanks for the correction on the BIP. Mar 3 '18 at 16:19
  • For a 12 word mnemonic, there are 2048^11*2048^(11-4) valid combinations, for 18 it's 2048^11*2048^(11-6) and for 24 it's 2048^11*2048^(11-8)
    – Andrew Chow
    Mar 3 '18 at 16:35
  • I'm not sure I follow. Is the 12 word mnemonic just for one language? Mar 3 '18 at 16:40
  • Yes. All are for one language. Multiply by 8 for all combinations with all current BIP 39 wordlists.
    – Andrew Chow
    Mar 3 '18 at 16:44
  • 1
    Ahh, whoops. I typed that wrong. It's 2048^11*2048/(11-4). Same pattern for other mnemonic lengths.
    – Andrew Chow
    Mar 3 '18 at 17:12

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