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I understand from this answer the semantics of addr_from and addr_recv. It is not clear to me though what is their purpose. Don't we assume that the transport layer protocol takes care of, well, transport?

What happens if I send a version message where the information addr_from or addr_recv is missing or incorrect? E.g., in this answer the example code includes the following:

addr_recv = struct.pack("Q", 0)
addr_recv += struct.pack(">16s", "127.0.0.1")
addr_recv += struct.pack(">H", 8333)
addr_from = struct.pack("Q", 0)
addr_from += struct.pack(">16s", "127.0.0.1")
addr_from += struct.pack(">H", 8333)

If that works, why include anything meaningful in those fields?

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Answered in this comment:

Bitcoin Core actually ignores addr_from in received version messages. addr_recv is used to influence the heuristic that determines which of the receiving node's IP addresses is publicly reachable.

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