I read same passphrase can be used on more wallet. How can I check passphrase goes with address without sending money, without the risk someone observe the passphrase?
By passphrase I assume you mean the mnemonic.
If your wallet software supports creating multiple wallets, you can just make another wallet and just use the same mnemonic. Instead of creating a new wallet, you restore a wallet from the seed. To your software, it will be another wallet because it is stored in a different file.
Or you can download another wallet software and restore your mnemonic to a wallet with that other software. Note that that wallet must support using a mnemonic and uses the same format. Most wallets use BIP 39 mnemonics, however Electrum does not so you cannot restore an Electrum mnemonic to another wallet.
You should see the same addresses either way.