experimenting with JSON RPC API using bitcoinrpc.authproxy for python.

so far it works in all instances accept when i try to create a raw transaction. somewhere along the way im passing parameters in wrong format.

i created helper methods to create my inputs/outputs like this:

def getTransactionJsonInput(self, sourcetransaction) -> str: 
    return {"txid": sourcetransaction['txid'] ,"vout":sourcetransaction['vout']}

def getTransactionJsonOutput(self, new_address, amount, returnaddress, returnamount) -> str: 
    return {
        new_address: amount,
        returnaddress: returnamount

and when i print my call to createrawtransaction it appears to be correct

    print('TRANSACTION inputs', [input], type([input]))
    print('TRANSACTION outputs', output, type(output))
    return svc.createrawtransaction(input, output)

TRANSACTION inputs [{'txid': 'sourcetransactionid', 'vout': 1}] <class 'list'>

TRANSACTION outputs {'destinationaddress': 0.012, 'changeaddress': 2.56559703} <class 'dict'>


bitcoinrpc.authproxy.JSONRPCException: -3: Expected type array, got object


thanks to @m1xolyd1an i was steered in the right direction. All that was missing in my implementation was adding [] around inputs. i added them in print statement but not in the actual call!


return svc.createrawtransaction(input, output)


return svc.createrawtransaction([input], output)

new result:

new transaction: 0200000001005134d493cb536a5000b491b0b6dbca6c5187eec67ffb8769fdedac9ec25db40100000000ffffffff02804f12000000000017a914190150e1a961a2509b1d48c4d6cf6b644454cd968757ca4a0f0000000017a91496711dceda7240a6c492b2fabc5d44ab5d4bd19e8700000000

  • I think you should use double quotes in input like [{"txid":"id", "vout":n}] Commented Sep 1, 2018 at 16:53
  • @AbhishekSinha i tried that initially, but then it was '"xxxx"' also the error was the same
    – Sonic Soul
    Commented Sep 1, 2018 at 16:54

1 Answer 1


You are providing it an Object in JSON, not an array just as the error states.

 return {"txid": sourcetransaction['txid'] ,"vout":sourcetransaction['vout']}

I would try creating it from a dictionary and then adding it to a list instead of building it from a string, something like:

>>> inputs = {}   #create the dictionary
>>> inputs["txid"]=sourcetransaction['txid']  #add the value to the dictionary key 'txid'
>>> inputs["vout"]=sourcetransaction['vout']  #add nout value to key 'vout'  

>>> inputs
{'txid': 'a9d4599e15b53f3eb531608ddb31f48c695c3d0b3538a6bda871e8b34f2f430c', 'vout': 0}

>>> inputsList=[inputs] #add dictionary input to list 
>>> inputsList
[{'txid': 'a9d4599e15b53f3eb531608ddb31f48c695c3d0b3538a6bda871e8b34f2f430c', 'vout': 0}]

Also noted in the example from the source:

def createrawtransaction(self, inputs, outputs):
    Creates a raw transaction spending given inputs
    (a list of dictionaries, each containing a transaction id and an output number),
    sending to given address(es).
    Returns hex-encoded raw transaction.
    Example usage:
    >>> conn.createrawtransaction(
            [{"txid": "a9d4599e15b53f3eb531608ddb31f48c695c3d0b3538a6bda871e8b34f2f430c",
              "vout": 0}],
    - *inputs* -- A list of {"txid": txid, "vout": n} dictionaries.
    - *outputs* -- A dictionary mapping (public) addresses to the amount
                   they are to be paid.
    return self.proxy.createrawtransaction(inputs, outputs)
  • thanks! yeah i figured im just still clueless how python typing works .. :) trying it this way
    – Sonic Soul
    Commented Sep 1, 2018 at 19:39
  • thanks! looks like the string is still ok, i just forgot to include []'s around input when calling the actual api
    – Sonic Soul
    Commented Sep 1, 2018 at 19:49

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