Questions tagged [mining-reward]

This tag should be used for questions about the revenue generated by mining. For questions specific to coin generation transactions (coinbase transactions) use the tag Coinbase-Transaction. For questions about the block reward halving, use the tag reward-schedule.

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About mining difficulty

I hope you’re all doing well during this COVID-19 period. I was wondering how you can calculate the difficulty rate of a coin (Mining purposes)?
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the two miner type of reward

the definition of a block in the blockchain is "A block records some or all of the most recent Bitcoin transactions that have not yet entered any prior blocks. Thus, a block is like a page of a ...
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Does the miner machine get any other type of reward except confirmation of transaction in bitcoin?

Does the miner machine get any other type of reward except confirmation of transaction in bitcoin?(The answer precedes ​another question)
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How to add new btc block to blockchain [duplicate]

Please let me known that "How I add a new BTC block to blockchain?" as a sole miner.
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6answers
9k views

Who issues bitcoins and how?

I can't find information on who actually issues the bitcoins. I understand that miners generate new bitcoins but what party is responsible for issuance?
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7answers
50k views

How do you obtain bitcoins?

This is a question many people ask when they're introduced to Bitcoin. Bitcoin sounds interesting, but if I want to use this system I will need to get some coins, otherwise, there's no way I can ...
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3answers
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331 views

Plot of distribution of all bitcoin transaction fees paid?

Is there a way to find and plot every transaction fee ever paid on the blockchain/bitcoin? Background I have read about transaction fees: Though the average Bitcoin transaction may be around $25, for ...
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Equivalent of Etherscant for Bitcoin (econometric analysis)

I am writing the first chapter of my PhD thesis on the crypto market. I'm looking for an historical time series on mining rewards for the Bitcoin. Can you recommend me an open source and reliable data ...
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2answers
3k views

How did Satoshi manage to mine so many bitcoins being the first user of the system?

I'm just learning about Bitcoin and if I understand its conception properly, mining bitcoins means validation of transactions by computing a hash which should satisfy some preset condition. In other ...
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3answers
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When, if ever, will “peak bitcoin” occur?

My (limited) understanding of bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies is that the costs of "mining" bitcoins was quite low in the early days, and the limiting factor in how fast they were mined ...
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To be more energy efficient, wouldn't be a consensual fork - right now - without the reward of new mined btc for each block helpful?

As the reward is lower, less effort is spend in mining new bitcoins. How the transactions fees will evolve would be quite crucial the get the miners activity down (and their energy consumption). I ...
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What would happen if the BTC price collapsed and the reward for mining dropped below the cost of mining?

Miners will only mine bitcoins if the reward they get from mining outweighs the cost of mining it. The network difficulty is adjusted every 2016 blocks (approximately every 2 weeks). If the price ...
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How do mining rewards get verified?

I understand that a miner who adds a new block can pay the reward to their address per the coinbase transaction, but who verifies that claim? Say, for example, I add a block, but instead of claiming 6....
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Is there any logical way that a “cloud Bitcoin mining” operation could be anything but a scam?

A few years ago, I paid (don't remember now if it was in Bitcoin or fiat) for a subscription to this "Cloudhash" scam. Basically, they claimed that I was "renting" a miner in their ...
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274 views

How can transaction fees be explained in a simple way?

I am reading the book Mastering Bitcoins 2nd Edition by O'Reilly, and it says: Alice buys a coffee from Bob's Cafe for $1.50, or 0.015 Bitcoin So Alice pays 0.015 Bitcoin, and Bob gets 0.015 Bitcoin,...
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How to choose the transactions for a block?

From my understanding, the memory pool (or transaction pool) contains "open" or "unconfirmed" transactions that have to be validated and can be chosen (arbitrarily?) to be part of ...
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How can a single miner be rewarded less than the current reward? [duplicate]

If a miner starts mining at 40 TH/s it'd make 0.0002462 bitcoin/day (according to this calculator). Is ~0.0002462 bitcoin actually something that will belong to the miner after an effective 24h of ...
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In a closed, working test network, how would I generate a signed block that a Bitcoin miner would otherwise create?

I have a POC where the essential, critical, priority goal is to use C# and the .NET Core Framework (Bouncy Castle for crypto, or Microsoft primitives for BigInteger ) where I do the following Accept ...
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1answer
1k views

Do Miners get a reward for re-confirming blocks?

As far as I know, to ensure double-spending didn't happened and also for other security reasons, there is minimum number of confirmations that a transaction should have to be accepted. That value is ...
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186 views

If only one Bitcoin miner gets the block reward, is it worth mining only for the transaction fees as a (not-so-competitive) solo miner?

I have heard (but not that knowledgeable) about mining-pools. If a weak system joins the pool, it has a chance to get a portion of the block reward, but I assume that not all of the miners are joined ...
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1answer
158 views

Does a low profit margin on mining reduce the integrity of the blocks stored in the transaction history?

As the mining Bitcoin payout decreases from 50 to zero, what incentive is there for miners to continue operating? Is there a need for miners to continue to operate when the payout decreases to zero? ...
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3answers
42 views

how to explain to a child WHAT is BTC made of which is received as reward for mining a block?

i looked at different questions in this forum but cannot still clearly figure out. i am not a developer. ok, we have currently 6,25 bitcoin as reward for miners. how to understand in 1-2 non-technical ...
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4answers
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Does the block reward comes from a bitcoin treasury? If yes, then how is it issued?

The miner adds the relevant block reward to himself (i.e. 12.5 bitcoin as of now) in something called the coinbase transaction. Where do these 12.5 bitcoins come from? Does it comes from bitcoin ...
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129 views

Miner transaction selection - how are sigops considered?

There is a limit on how much a block can sigop (set to 80000?). There is also a limit on how much a single transaction can sigop (set to 16000?). It thus seems possible (and if it's not possible, the ...
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What happens to a coinbase transaction when no address is given?

The transaction block This coin base transaction has no valid address for reward. Did we lose that reward bitcoin forever?
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Difference between crypto coin vs crypto block?

I have several doubts about cryptocurrency when I started(bitcoin) reading about it. I google it around and it only added to more confusion. I am not able to understand the difference between a ...
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2answers
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What if same transaction is added in more than one block of different miners?

I know that miners have freedom to choose transactions from memory pool, Let say there are 5 transactions Tx1 Tx2 Tx3 Tx4 and Tx5 in memory pool, There are 3 miners M1 M2 and M3 M1 has created ...
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Attacker Changing Address to Receive Block Reward [duplicate]

A miner creates a block B which contains address α, on which he wants to receive his rewards. An attacker changes block B, such that instead of α it defines a new address α’, which is controlled by ...
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What is the relationship between bitmain-freq, Hashrate and Power Consumption?

I am running a few old miners (T9+) to heat my home and they are too loud and making a loss (which is ok, as I am interested in the heat). Following this suggestions (sticking with the standard ...
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2answers
393 views

How does the mathematical problem get harder for bitcoin mining over time?

How does it become harder for miners to extract bitcoin as time passes (excluding increasing computer capabilities and the competition between miners accordingly)? Is related to the amount of bitcoins ...
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2answers
94 views

How does Bitcoin choose to which miner the reward will go? [duplicate]

Let's say 100 miners with similar hashrate all try at the same time to mine the same block and finish at the same time, how will Bitcoin choose to which miner the reward will go? Is there some prority ...
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1answer
423 views

What was the design decision behind that the coinbase field can have arbitrary data?

From what I learned, the coinbase field in the block reward transaction can carry any data (As long as smaller than 100b). Why that actually? Was it easier to implement in the beginning? I would just ...
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371 views

Why bother having limitations on Bitcoin Coinbase Transaction Scriptsigs?

There are a few limitations on the structure of the coinbase (reward) transaction in a block. There is only one input. vin.size() == 1 (source) It doesn't reference any previous output. vin[0]....
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What does “generate” mean when it appears as a transaction's type?

What is "generate" as a bitcoin transaction type? Why are "generate" transactions labeled as "immature" for 100 blocks? Is this type of Bitcoin transaction spendable?
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2answers
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Can we check if a miner has validated the solution?

When a miner finds a solution for the block and broadcasts it to the other node, all the other nodes verify if it is a correct solution or not. The idea pops up a few questions in my head: I read ...
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3answers
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Why do miners choose low fee rate transactions sometimes?

Miners prefer high fee rate transactions to low fee rate ones, but the part which I don't understand is why miners pick a low fee rate transaction that has been waiting for hours in the mempool into ...
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3answers
268 views

Popularity based mining (variable block reward)

I am thinking of an alternative mining scheme where block reward would grow (or decrease) with popularity of the coin. The rationale behind this idea is to make an exchange rate more stable since ...
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3answers
579 views

How to calculate coin supply at each block height from all transactions?

We are working on a small project and imported all block information to mongoDB. Right now we're aiming to calculate the coin supply regarding to the block number. My plan is to loop through all ...
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1answer
29 views

How to query rewards data from a block

I am trying to find out how much BTC has been mined over time hence I would like to query the rewards associated with a block. However, I cant seem to find the API endpoint from the BTC databases I ...
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1answer
330 views

Who decides the block reward in Bitcoin?

I know that when a miner mines a block, he will be rewarded with some bitcoins. But who decides how much bitcoin he will get? If it is decided by all the miners (as they are the ones verifying ...
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2answers
268 views

How can I use hashrate distribution to make inferences about when a specific pool will find a block?

Miners find blocks randomly but also proportionally to the miner's hashrate. How can I best predict and express this 'chance' per mining pool? For example, if F2Pool has had 10% of the total mining ...
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1answer
177 views

Testing altcoin reward halving - Help! [closed]

I am currently working on reward halving changes for a test coin and i have added all the necessary changes but my question is how do i safely test this new halving without affecting production. I ...
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9answers
89k views

Where do bitcoins come from and what gives them their value?

Where do bitcoins come from? From the WeUseCoins.com video it appears they are just being produced by "miners" and sold to people. So who backs Bitcoin or gives it its value?
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Bitcoin Halving - What is it? How is it calculated? Does it affect my bitcoin balance?

I have read a lot about the halving that is set to take place later this year, but my question is how is halving calculated? Will it also effect my bitcoin balance as a whole?
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1answer
430 views

Where can I get testnet Bitcoins in the year 2017-March? [duplicate]

I doing some development and want to test out some stuff on testnet. Where can I get testnet coins in bitcoin? Last I read I might be able to mine with the Bitcoin core software? Or is that not worth ...
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1answer
51 views

After last bitcoin is mined, can miner(s) with nefarious reasons kill bitcoin by holding fees thereby deflating Bitcoin eventually to zero?

Just hypothetically speaking, once there is no more rewards and we transition entirely into transaction fee regime, if a miner (or group of miners) with unlimited supply of electricity, computing ...
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How do bitcoin nodes agree who first mined ablock?

Once transactions are broadcast and a node starts working on a proof of work, and finds it, it broadcasts it to all other nodes for that block to be verified and added onto their blockchain. All nodes ...
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Could a computer virus made less than a mb, which is sent as transaction that attacks miners? [closed]

What happens if computer virus less than a mb is sent as transaction that attacks miners?
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Who will be the future miners? [duplicate]

We know that the bitcoin for mining a block is going to converge to approximately zero as the number of bitcoins will be almost constant after a certain amount of time. So, mining will no more ...

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