Questions tagged [multi-signature]

Multi-signature addresses require m-of-n signatures to authorize spending funds sent to them.

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22 views

Sign PSBT for 2 of 3 multisig

Creating an unsigned PSBT: { "jsonrpc": "1.0", "id": "curltest", "method": "walletcreatefundedpsbt", "params": [ [ { "txid": "...
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Is it possible to use BitGo's wallet with other software (Electrum or else), what is the used derivation path?

BitGo wallets are based on a 2-of-3 multi-signature, the end user have access to: - Public key (xpub) of the 3rd signer (as the main wallet xpub) - Native Segwit (Bech32), bc1... addresses to receive ...
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OP_CHECKMULTISIG Signature must be zero for failed CHECK(MULTI)SIG operation

I am trying to spend a P2SH multi-signature output which I have created with rust-bitcoin as follows: let builder = Builder::new() .push_opcode(opcodes::all::OP_PUSHNUM_2) .push_key(&...
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1answer
503 views

How much does the weight of 2-of-3 multisignature inputs differ between P2SH and P2SH-P2WSH?

I'm trying to calculate the weight of a 2-of-3 multisignature P2SH-P2WSH input. I found the related question Predict multi signature transaction size, which I've calculated with m=2, n=3 here: ...
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1answer
397 views

Is it possible to use Electrum to create a multisig wallet with a trezor and an airgapped coldcard?

I set up a 2-of-3 multisig using Electrum, a Trezor, and a Coldcard. During testing, I ran into issues using the Coldcard to sign. My approach: (On Electrum) File -> New/Restore -> Multi-signature ...
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1answer
57 views

How do bonds in Secure Multi‐Party Lotteries work as described in Bitcoin and Cryptocurrency Technologies book

I have understood the details of it but I have a question related to claiming the bond. We have two parties Alice and Bob and suppose the bond that Alice signs is now if Alice reveals her value X ...
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1answer
71 views

Check if multiple signatures match a specifc public key

Suppose you have a company which has three main leaders called A, B and C also the company have 5 shareholders called S1 to S5. The decision rule for spending any coin from company's address is to ...
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19 views

Redeem multisig tx using bcoin with multiple inputs (from an exhcnage)

I have a multisig tx with multiple inputs and I'm having trouble completing this tx. Here's an example tx https://blockchain.com/btc/address/3HMQrFkYexL3FMhPnXPAoDFsFs8LiqB8ou Following the bcoin ...
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1answer
59 views

In a multisig wallet setup what needs to be backed up and why?

In a multisig wallet setup what needs to be backed up and why?
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2-of-2 with different wallets?

I've been using 2-of-2 on bitpay for some years, but relying on just one wallet, which can have its source code backdoored with malware, is very dangerous. I've been researching about multisignature ...
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1answer
50 views

Electrum: display redeem script of a P2SH utxo

I use Electrum with a multisig wallet. I would like to figure out how to prove ownership of a "coin". I understand that I need to share the whole redeem script so that it's hash can be ...
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1answer
516 views

How to get sending address of MultiSig transaction?

Example hash of transaction: 70c15eb4cc3890960dbe1ae0cf13eedaeaef04d8e4820398fb4e991b23528f03 BlockExplorer shows only 1st address of two. One address is sending address and second is signing address? ...
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Can I use coldcard wallet to multisig between it and another wallet?

I want to use coldcard wallet + another device, possibly a smartphone, for multisignature. Ideally I'd like to use Coldcard + Bitpay. I've found tutorials on coldcard multisig: https://www.youtube.com/...
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Question regarding MultiSig outputs

Just saw good question on Telegram: So I working on an algorithm that would download and process bitcoin blocks, specifically the transactions in them. I want to take every output address of every ...
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1answer
31 views

How do I make multisig transactions using hardware wallets truly trust minimized?

I am experimenting with multisig transactions using hardware wallets. Is there some general guidance on what I should and shouldn't do to make the process truly trust minimized?
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Why is Public Key aggregation in MuSig described as a product of the public keys?

In the the MuSig2 paper, it is described that: Each signer randomly generates and communicates to others a nonce Ri=g^ri; then, each of them computes R=∏ni=1Ri,c=H( ̃X,R,m)where ̃X=∏ni=1Xiis the ...
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1answer
443 views

How can I recover last word of BIP-32/39 mnemonic copay second signature multisig wallet

I've got a multisig 2of2 wallet in copay. I've one wallet correct but have lost second wallet and only have 11 of the 12 words of the seed.I'm pretty sure I miss the last one. I've got some of the ...
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1answer
43 views

Difference between createmultisig and addmultisigaddress on v 0.20.0?

What is difference between createmultisig and addmultisigaddress? I ran 2 methods for 2 same bitcoin address on bitcoin-cli but gives different addresses as multisig to me. the results are as follows: ...
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2answers
124 views

XPUB, YPUB, ZPUB Converter Tools

I was wondering if there are any good X,Y,Zpub converter tools that any of you are aware of. For instance, a tool that could convert an Xpub into the equivalent Zpub. I was inspired to ask this ...
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1answer
135 views

How to spend a multisignature, CLTV time-locked UTXO?

I am using this locking script with libbitcoin explorer to create a bitcoin testnet transaction: bx script-to-address -v 196 "[efa716] checklocktimeverify drop 2 [...
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1answer
198 views

Electrum 2of2 multisig both cosigners share the same priv key

I set up this wallet on the same machine online. Thinking that was it, it was only until i sent funds to this wallet and tried to spend them that i could only partially sign the transaction. I opened ...
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2answers
3k views

CHECKMULTISIG a worked out example

I was wondering if somebody could point me to or give me a worked out example of how OP_CHECKMULTISIG works behind the curtains? I expect that CHECKMULTISIG will call the CHECKSIG function and ...
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1answer
433 views

HD wallets and multisig

Is there any standardized way to define HD wallet accounts used to participate in multi-signature transactions? How do existing multisig wallets derive their keys from the seed it? How is Bitcoin Core ...
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2answers
312 views

Is there an equivalent to the Xpub/Zpub for multisig wallets?

When I have a typical wallet, I can give my Xpub to someone to generate addresses whenever they need. ("they" here could be an instance of BTCPAY server or some other application that I don't want to ...
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1answer
378 views

Restore Block.io multisig wallet in Electrum

I've exported my private keys from Block.io. They're compressed WIF keys (starting with L...). Additionally I've got the following data from Block.io: Address type: P2SH (obviously) Redeem script ...
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1answer
32 views

How to validate the change address in a multisig transaction?

I am using Specter Desktop to create a PSBT for a multisig transaction with some hardware wallets to sign. Part of the PSBT is a change address and I can match what the hardware wallet says to what ...
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1answer
60 views

How to use Multisig feature on Bitcoin Core RPC in an online exchange?

I've craeted a small online exchange based on Bitcoin Core. The features in this application are: User send request to get a new address, and the Bitcoin Core generate a new one with defined ...
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1answer
197 views

Multisig: How to identify who (public key/address) has signed the transaction?

I have seen that someone had asked a similar question: Possible to check who signed the transaction in a multi-sig transaction case? But I'm currently unable to parse/read the redeem script. When I ...
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1answer
188 views

ScriptSig raw hex to sign raw tx

i have a p2sh address that is created using an uncompressed public key (from my ledger nano) and a compressed public key (bitcoincore wallet). It requires both signatures to send the funds. When i use ...
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4answers
2k views

What BIP32 derivation path does Electrum use for Multisig?

Same question as What BIP32 derivation path does Electrum use? but for multisig. thanks.
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1answer
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Segwit transaction - Non-canonical DER signature

Error (when sending) error code: -26 error message: 64: non-mandatory-script-verify-flag (Non-canonical DER signature) Transaction ...
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Sign Multisignature Transaction with only 1 of the needed keys using BitcoinJ?

If I have an unsigned Raw Transaction whose inputs are from a multisignature wallet, can I sign the transaction with only of the N needed keys and having the output as raw transaction again using ...
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2answers
73 views

Partially Signing multisig rawtransaction returns redeemScript/witnessScript does not match scriptPubKey

I want to partially sign a rawtransactions using bitcoind through RPC but I am really stuck almost at the end of the process when I try to sign my manually created raw transaction and I spent many ...
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1answer
204 views

What is the difference between P2SH redeem script on Bitcoin and on Litecoin?

I am building a service that is based on multisig wallets. My current progress is so that I've implemented the multisigs for Bitcoin network and it works fine. Now I am on Litecoin and I am facing ...
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44 views

Will the Bitcoin network discredit a transaction if you do a simple transfer on a multi-sig after you found the collision on that address?

Let's say you found a collision for an address on the Bitcoin network. You have its private key. Will you be able to transfer any money around or will the network prevent it or does it get verified? ...
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2k views

What are the advantages of Schnorr vs ECDSA?

I understand that Schnorr signatures provide an improvement on ECDSA in that they are a fixed 64 bytes instead of the longer ECDSA sig format, however, I don't see how this is an advantage over ECDSA ...
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1answer
69 views

Which MuSig scheme is optimal? Classic MuSig or this new MuSig-DN scheme?

Now we have two competing MuSig schemes which is better? Classic MuSig or MuSig-DN? Which use case(s) might choose classic MuSig over MuSig-DN and vice versa?
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1answer
49 views

2-of-3 multisignature account with limitations on withdrawal

I want to create a 2 of 3 multi-signature account from where one can withdraw money only after a certain period of time. How can this be done?
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1answer
49 views

How do we know which co-signer signature is in raw hex in multisig?

I have a raw 2of3 multisig transaction. In this transaction, one co-signer already signed. The signature is for only one input. ...
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2answers
994 views

Understanding GreenAddress nLocktime/recovery transactions

What I understand is that Greenaddress locks a recovery transaction to be spend 90 days in the future. Whats the advantage in doing this? Why not creating a recovery transaction without nLocktime?
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1answer
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Who will the first adopters of Taproot be (assuming it is activated at some stage)? What incentives are there to start using it straight away?

Adoption of SegWit by users and companies after it was activated was slow. Should we expect adoption of Taproot to be slow also (assuming it is activated at some stage)? Who will the first adopters of ...
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1answer
194 views

Does MuSig have the same security as 2-2 multisig?

Disclaimer: This question is of theoretical importance to me trying to educate myself better on cryptographic principles and signature schemes. I don't intend to imply that in practice schnorr ...
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2answers
48 views

Clarifications on hd multisig wallet

I need clarification on multisig hd wallets. Let's imagine we have a 2/3 multisig. The first key is generated by the user on a mobile wallet, the second is kept on a server while the third is off-line ...
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2answers
57 views

Proof of private keys ownership for multiple addresses

In a two party coinjoin consists of Mr Seller and Mr Buyer. Mr Seller has set A of sender addresses/input and set B of receiver addresses (output) Mr Buyer has set C of sender addresses/input and set ...
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1answer
44 views

Is the `addmultisignature` API call dependent on order of public keys in the array? Or is it lexicographically sorted?

Say Alice and Bob are part of a partnership business that accepts Bitcoin. They store all their main funds in cold storage until the end of 3 months, when they cash out and use a new address. This ...
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1answer
43 views

Does getreceivedbyaddress or listreceivedbyaddress or listunspent shows pay to pubkey and bare mutlisig transactions?

Couldn’t find the answer inside the source code. If I receive a pay to pubkey transaction to the pubkey of a 1r address, will it shows up using getreceivedbyaddress or listreceivedbyaddress or ...
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How to sign a transaction and also get the signature part from it using electrum console?

How do I sign a transaction with following things: Unsigned Tx: ...
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47 views

BTC sent to multisig address, but no info about this in bitcoin core (listsinceblock, getwalletinfo, listunspent)

I sent BTCs (testnet) to multisig address: address: 2N8yzozJh1DFgrnND7TbSbuSQ1NPA8byQDu transaction: 2453fe904b74acbbf541f98d2d5a1d7a509457a3df10bf38d0c3cb9326734dcd But my bitcoin core does not ...
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1answer
235 views

How are transactions invalidated by nodes when both parties are offline in a Lightning Network?

Let's imagine Alice wants to send multiple transactions to Bob. Both Alice and Bob have open channels with Carol, not with each other: Alice <-> Carol <-> Bob So Alice first sends 0.01 ...
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1answer
194 views

Would it be possible for miners to discriminate Lightning Network transactions?

What do transactions creating LN payment channels and resolving them look like? Are Lightning Network transactions distinguishable from other multisignature transactions? Would it be possible for ...

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