Questions tagged [output]

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Does testnet block 855996c9444827112b68c0606d8dfec62385d1b3448e412bc1c721633a641669 discard the block reward?

I am poking around in the testnet blockchain, and I saw a block mined recently where the outputs added up to just 0.04953672 BTC. Since there is no output for the 50BTC block reward, does that mean ...
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Why are segwit transactions cheaper than legacy transactions?

What's the reason to make fees for segwit addresses lower, while keeping legacy addresses with higher fees? -- I'm interested in both, why segwit transactions are cheaper than legacy addresses, and ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How can I get the destination address from raw transaction data?

I am writing a program that reads Bitcoin transactions from .blk files and performs some analysis on them. I would like to get the transaction destination addresses (like in some transaction explorers:...
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How is the input and output fields serialised in a transaction?

I'm trying to write a parsing function to find the input and output fields in a serialised transaction. My problem is that I can find the number of inputs and outputs using the varint byte(s), but not ...
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6 votes
2 answers
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What is this unusual transaction in the Bitcoin blockchain?

I found a transaction in the Bitcoin blockchain. The first output is unspent and has an abnormal Pkscript. What is this output and why does this output address have no transaction and balance on it? ...
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How can I be sure that anyone (i.e miner) will not change outputs from transaction? [duplicate]

I am wondering if ie. miner cannot change outputs from transaction. We have example of transaction: { "version": 1, "locktime": 0, "vin": [ { "txid": &...
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output descriptor serialization

I'm looking at the following official test vector: wsh(multi(1,xpub661MyMwAqRbcFW31YEwpkMuc5THy2PSt5bDMsktWQcFF8syAmRUapSCGu8ED9W6oDMSgv6Zz8idoc4a6mr8BDzTJY47LJhkJ8UB7WEGuduB/1/0/*,...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Will cross-input signature aggregation need a new output type?

If cross-input signature aggregation were to get implemented in a subsequent soft fork after Taproot's activation, would its use require a new output type?
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Sent BTC to Old Output Address

I sent BTC to an old Output address from a previous transaction and now I do not know where it has gone. Does anyone know how to fix this?
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3 votes
1 answer
37 views

Can you have a transaction without a change output?

While reading about the fees here https://metamug.com/article/security/bitcoin-transaction-fee-satoshi-per-byte.html The article said that "In the simplest case, you'll have one input and two ...
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2 votes
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Retrieve all Unspend Output given a priv key

Is it possible to retrieve all Unspend Output transaction given the private key? I have noticed that different wallet give me different balance for the same Private Key. For instance, Atom and BitPay ...
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1 answer
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Why does the value range of outputs need to be restricted?

In the 'tx messages' section for protocol rules we have Each output value, as well as the total, must be in legal money range For each input, if the referenced output does not exist (e.g. never ...
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1 answer
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How does a miner verify a transaction which is spending an output of another transaction in the same block?

It is mentioned in this post that: If all validation of all transactions in a block succeeds, the consumed inputs are removed from the database, and all outputs of those transactions added as fresh ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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Please help out I send 109k to my client he was able to receive $50,000 please help

I send a bitcoin transaction of all coin my wallet which is $109,180 to my client wallet address giving to me. But he received $50,000 in is wallet address. And I sent all the coin my of 109180. ...
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2 answers
443 views

What exactly is the "vout" field?

This is driving me nuts. Through trial-and-error, asking numerous people and attempting to read endless articles and manuals, I've come to the conclusion that the "transactions" listed by ...
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4 votes
1 answer
263 views

What does the index of an UTXO stand for?

For example, here is the output of an API I hit with one of my testnet UTXOs. What is the meaning of the index field in this context ? "utxo":[ { "block_id":1899516, ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Transaction Output Order

Suppose I generate a transaction with 5 outputs. Is there a deterministic way to know how the outputs will be ordered on chain (their .n values) or will they simply appear in the order in which I ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Refer to UTXO by output index or output full address in blockchain?

I'm writing my own simple crypto and wondering whether input in a transaction should refer to unspend output only by it's TXID and vout (index in outputs vector in a transaction) OR by it's TXID and ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How to identify the sender from crypto payments

I want my users to deposit crypto into the website for credits, but the biggest issue is getting the input address (the user's address). How can I identify the sender from the transaction (since there ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Transaction parsing - Satoshi value

how exactly is the satoshi value in a raw transaction calculated to decimal? Because on blockchain.info, I cannot figure out how they parse the raw transaction from that value to the JSON result. I ...
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4 votes
2 answers
720 views

Why does vout sometimes not have address?

I am trying to parse all transactions. I found that some transactions do not have addresses in their vout. There are two situations that vout does not have addresses. The first one is the miner reward....
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Check txout against the circulating supply instread of MAX_MONEY

https://github.com/bitcoin/bitcoin/blob/aaaaad6ac95b402fe18d019d67897ced6b316ee0/src/consensus/tx_check.cpp#L27 If txout.nValue is more than the circulating supply and less than MAX_MONEY, ...
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Why is 'script' used in a transaction instead of the output address?

I see transactions contain script for each output, but this "script" seems to be deterministically derived from the address associated with the output. Why does the bitcoin protocol opt for the use ...
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4 votes
2 answers
367 views

Is it possible to write a transaction of bitcoins, having only pen, paper and a private key from the address with some unspent outputs?

In my last answer I have done an allegation which I want to be proven or disproven. If this work possible, how much paper does it require? What kind of software needs Bob to send a transaction to ...
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Address final balance is 0 after receiving 0.003 BTC

I generated a new BTC address (address A). I tried to send 0.003 BTC to address A. After sending them from my coinnomi wallet, the balance of address A remains 0 and from output seems that 0.003 BTC ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Can a coinbase transaction have a segwit output?

And more generally speaking, are there any restrictions on the output of a coinbase transaction?
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1 answer
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Why is a 20 byte hash acceptable in p2wpkh but p2wsh needs 32 bytes?

Why is it acceptable to use a 20 byte hash to represent single-sig witness programs whereas a 32 byte hash is used for pay to witness script hash?
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2 answers
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Why same output address is invalid in a transaction on Bitcoin Core?

I'm studying Bitcoin Core currently. I found incomprehensible code, that shows making a transaction is rejected if there are same output addresses in a transaction. See Fig1, Fig2 Origin source code ...
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1 vote
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How does a Drivechain output work?

It is said that Drivechain works by sending a transaction output to a miner/hashrate-controlled escrow. I know it works by allowing miners to vote over a large number of blocks on transactions, that ...
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How many TXO have been created in total?

I've seen some statistical data about the Bitcoin UTXO number (around 61M currently). I was wondering how many TXOs (including spent and unspent) there were in the complete history of Bitcoin?
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OP_EQUAL not working properly

I went to https://siminchen.github.io/bitcoinIDE/build/editor.html to try some bitcoin scripting and I wrote this script: <1PUzZ61FSVTn12CafJC85Vy1ts3BoFcXdU> OP_HASH160 <...
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2 answers
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Where are the non-scriptPubKey outputs in the chainstate leveldb?

I read https://bitcoindev.network/understanding-the-data/ and it explain that the leveldb of the chainstate contain transaction with at least one unspent output. And it has "The scriptPubKey and ...
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1 answer
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How can I find the transaction that spends a specific output via an API?

I am wondering how I can find the transaction that spends a specific output (for a large number of transactions). So for example, I have a transaction like the following: https://www.blockchain.com/...
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3 votes
2 answers
177 views

Why is the value field 8 bytes in transaction output when it can be achieved with 7 bytes?

Bitcoin uses a 8 bytes value field in the transaction output. However, the total supply of bitcoin is capped at 21M. Theoretically, even if all the 21M bitcoins are transferred to a single address, ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What does "Nonstandard output" mean on Tradeblock transaction page?

I tried to send bitcoin but the recipient hasn't received it. The trade block page shows "Nonstandard output" under outputs as shown in the link below: Tradeblock page for transaction I used an ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Two question about bitcoin transaction signing

I know that the signing should use public key, what if the private key is used in signing the output? Does that mean anybody can use the money in your wallet? And is there any difference between P2PKH ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Newly generated coins

New to BTC world so my question is how and what can I do with newly generated coins what's the process and how to see balance of that in wallet? Can I send those to paper wallet
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-1 votes
1 answer
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Are there minimums for output values and transaction fees in Bitcoin?

The article "The Bitcoin Lightning Network Summary" by lightning.network mentions: "Lightning enables one to send funds down to 0.00000001 bitcoin without custodial risk. The bitcoin blockchain ...
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1 answer
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How do these inputs/outputs make sense for this transaction?

Using coinbase, I transferred $1 in BCH to my friends BCH address. Now I am studying the transaction on a blockchain explorer as a learning exercise. See here: https://blockchair.com/bitcoin-cash/...
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Why does this transaction results in more than 1 unspent output?

This transaction results in 6 outputs in total. Why did it end up with having 4 unspent outputs? I read this answer from another question, and wondering, could it be because the user actually chooses ...
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2 answers
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Why does this transaction results in only 2 unspent output (and no spent output)?

This transaction is from one of the latest block. However I don't understand why it seems to be just dividing a single transaction without being spent and transferred to someone else.
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2 votes
2 answers
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What are the hashes in Unspent outputs?

I am a newbie to Bitcoin. Looking at curl https://blockchain.info/unspent?active=1Cdid9KFAaatwczBwBttQcwXYCpvK8h7FK I guess that the script is the owner's address.I am not sure about this. "...
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5 votes
2 answers
305 views

what's the point of "n" in "vout"? getrawtransaction

It seems like "n" is the index, is that true? If that is the case, why is the "n" key necessary? Example: bitcoin-cli getrawtransaction ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Generating Output Script from Bitcoin.js or other Javascript Library

I'm attempting to use the Ledger Wallet API to sign a multi-sig transaction. The API works as follows: var inputs = [ [ "71f97fa2a21486ecd99674a8ae068d92acd2e9db49c199473be39984e6cbe0f6", "00000000"...
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I seem to have too many unspent outputs for my given balance. What am I missing?

I have an address on the testnet. I started out with 1.3 btc. I then sent 0.5 btc to another address. My balance is now 0.8. OK, that makes sense. I expect now to have one UTXO which was the 0.8 in ...
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1 vote
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How output transaction works in Bitcoin?

Click here for reference. Note also that an output can be used only once. That's why there's a concept of "change address" in the bitcoin ecosystem: if an output of 10 BTC is available for me to ...
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Why do I get 5 bytes worth of 0x00 hex values in both outputs?

From the hex generated by the createrawtransaction command, I understand that the following is the output value: ...
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2 answers
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Breaking down the hex value for output 1

Within the hex generated by createrawtransaction, I am trying to understand the output 1 hex. The output 1 hex I have is: 76a914ab68025513c3dbd2f7b92a94e0581f5d50f654e788ac Spacing out the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
393 views

How to find out the requirements for spending an output script?

How do you find out the requirements to spend an output script? Do you decode the hash?
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3 votes
1 answer
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At most two outputs according to Bitcoin whitepaper. Multiple outputs in real transactions. How come?

The original Bitcoin whitepaper mentions that there can be at most two outputs: Normally there will be either a single input from a larger previous transaction or multiple inputs combining ...
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