Questions tagged [script]

This tag should be used for questions regarding Bitcoin transaction scripts or scripting languages used in transactions of altcoins such as Solidity. Scripts are a set of instructions on how to complete a transaction.

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How to construct and redeem a bip199 htlc with python-bitcoinlib

Playing with this script, I'd like to understand how to construct a bip199 htlc and redeem it, however this script fails on the OP_EQUALVERIFY and I can't seem to understand why. I'd like an ...
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1answer
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Why can't P2PKH's scriptPubKey be shortened to only OP_CHECKSIG?

For P2PKH, the scripPubKey is OP_DUP OP_HASH160 <pubKeyHash> OP_EQUALVERIFY OP_CHECKSIG. Why can't it check the signature only? Why can't it be shortened to just one opcode — OP_CHECKSIG? Why ...
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1answer
176 views

Can we construct a UTXO which is spendable only via proof of work?

Do the current Bitcoin opcodes and transaction size limit allow constructing a UTXO which is only spendable if a specified amount of work has been performed? So the spender, would provide a nonce as ...
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1answer
61 views

Standardness rules related to BIP 16 (P2SH)

I can read in BIP0016 wiki the P2SH Specification Transactions that redeem these pay-to-script outpoints are only considered standard if the serialized script - also referred to as the ...
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1answer
60 views

Where can I find the miniscript policy language specification?

I would like to understand how miniscript works by coding it myself. As I started studying it, I realized that miniscript is more or less a 1-for-1 abstraction of a subset of Script and that the ...
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1answer
21 views

What are the script size limitations according to consensus rules and are they enforced on TestNet?

I'm trying to figure out the limitations that scripts have regarding their size, limits that would make a script invalid (ignoring standardness). According to this question and also these lines of ...
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2answers
463 views

Why don't P2PK scripts have their own address?

If I understand addresses correctly, different types of addresses are used to map to a particular locking script (scriptPubKey). So based on the leading character of an address, a wallet will decode ...
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1answer
64 views

Create Custom Script with 2-3

I'm studying P2SH, and I want to create a custom script. I already created one tx but without OP_CHECKMULITISIG as you can check at this link https://tbtc.bitaps.com/...
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1answer
37 views

Is a multi script possible that requires relative time locks relative to each signature?

I've been wondering about cold storage multi sig security. Specifically, I was wondering how secure it is with respect to a kidnapper. If a kidnapper took X hostage, and threatened to kill him, X ...
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3answers
6k views

parsing bitcoin input and output addresses from scripts

can someone walk me through the process of combining script inputs and outputs to reveal the base58 encoded input and output addresses. take for example, block 728. this has two raw script inputs: ...
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2answers
140 views

Bitcoin library vs script to develop application

I'm curious about the development of application of Identity management in Blockchain platform, but I'm a bit confused about the technologies to use. In short words, when is more convenient to ...
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1answer
66 views

OP_CHECKSIG NULLFAIL with btcdeb

I'm using btcdeb to understand script. I pick a old random P2PKH transaction form mainnet, and paste unlocking script e locking script inside. I know that this script is ok, because I can check on ...
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0answers
32 views

How does HASHSIG work?

I am reading an article about how HASHSIG works, but i don't understand this: Before the signature is computed, several temporary changes are made to the transaction: The signature script of the ...
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1answer
75 views

Bitcoin multisig contract - to Lock coins with nTimeLock (BIP65)

I really need help. I am currently Developing a Bitcoin wallet and want to build in a SMS Based send function where the sender does not need to know the receiver publicKey. After the contract get ...
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1answer
246 views

How is OP_CHECKTEMPLATEVERIFY a scaling solution

I was wondering about OP_CHECKTEMPLATEVERIFY or OP_SECURETHEBAG as it was previously called. As far as I understand it you can commit on how to spend the coins later this way. But it doesn't enable ...
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1answer
146 views

Script to import multiple priv keys in Electrum

DuckDuckGo turns up nothing of interest. How to import multiple priv keys in Electrum from a file using Electrum console or shell script, for all derivable valid BTC addresses? (1,3,bc1) Eventually I ...
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2answers
1k views

P2sh redeem script hash

What are the contents of a redeem script hash in a p2sh transaction? From what i read it's similar to the pubkey script but does it only contain the receiver's address?
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1answer
80 views

How to split the funds and send X% to fee wallet and the remaining funds to another wallet?

Anybody have any idea about how to do it? User send the bitcoins X% goes to fee wallet remaining funds goes to service wallet I'm trying to use the "sendfrom" but it's not working because he only ...
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2answers
114 views

How to let surplus go to fundraiser in ANYONECANPAY crowdfunding script?

ANYONECANPAY can be used for crowdfunding, where pledged donations cannot be spent unless funding goal/soft cap is reached. But since output is committed, when soft cap is exceed, all the surplus will ...
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1answer
285 views

How is time encoded (BIP65) in scripts?

BIP65 has several examples where OP_CHECKLOCKTIMEVERIFY interprets the time value underneath it in the stack, for example: <expiry time> CHECKLOCKTIMEVERIFY DROP DUP HASH160 <pubKeyHash> ...
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4answers
341 views

Why doesn't address contain a full scriptPubKey?

This is a general question, but let's suppose a P2PKH transaction. P2PKH address starts with "1" and the sender incorporates it into the scriptPubKey as: OP_DUP OP_HASH160 <PublicKeyHash> ...
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3answers
368 views

Instant confirmations with pre-published, locked, transactions

(Clarification: This is not an attempt to solve the problem of a vendor taking the money and running without handing over the merchandise. Problems like that can't be solved without some third party. ...
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1answer
59 views

Bech32 Multisig error: Witness requires empty scriptSig (code 64)

I've been able to do multisig between two addresses from electrum and one from bitcoind. [root@test bin]# bitcoin-cli -testnet getnewaddress n3JewuY82cprdRvxHdRNG8C3iTkJBKeLbz [root@test bin]# ...
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1answer
90 views

How to make a homomorphic preimage/payment hash with current lightning network / Bitcoin implementations?

If I remember / understand it correctly by using the mechanisms from the scriptless scripts paper we could easily create homomorphic preimages / paymenthashes. I think this would be a very desirable ...
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2answers
1k views

Bitcoin contracts. Are there good examples in the blockchain?

I have been checking the Bitcoin wiki for script and Bitcoin contracts and I have some doubts about advanced contracts. For instance, I have seen in many places references to password controlled ...
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3answers
59 views

What are some good solutions for analyzing Bitcoin script patterns?

I'm interested in analyzing the Bitcoin blockchain for occurrences of particular scripts and spending patterns. What are some good solutions for this? An ideal solution would let me filter ...
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1answer
63 views

In practice, are redeemScripts commonly reused?

In regards to P2SH-P2WSH transactions, are Txout-script values identical between transactions? Is it reasonable to expect a business or vendor that accepts bitcoin to be using the same redeemScript ...
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2answers
69 views

Can someone explain how an HTLC is redeemed?

I'm looking at Bolt 3 in the Lightning rfc. My question is about how a HTLC is redeemed. Example HTLC script for reference: # To remote node with revocation key OP_DUP OP_HASH160 <RIPEMD160(SHA256(...
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1answer
25 views

How to verify locking and unlocking scripts?

I've selected an arbitrary transaction id and retrieved its associated transaction details using the blockcypher explorer as follows: from blockcypher import get_transaction_details ...
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1answer
19 views

How does a constant opcode become negative in Script

I am doing some tutorial and in this chapter we are suppose to reproduce the Script scripting language I am struggling to understand one of the exercises, here it is: Create a ScriptSig that can ...
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1answer
42 views

Is a script spendable if multiple items are left on the stack?

Is a script spendable if the top item left on the stack evaluates to "TRUE", and that is the only item left in the stack? In other words, is it okay for multiple items to be left on the stack? For ...
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2answers
240 views

Non SegWit P2SH bytes structure

I'm working on a bitcoin block explorer in golang, in which I'd like to gather as much informations as possible about transactions. I am able to extract addresses from every type of output, and mostly ...
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1answer
48 views

What is the scriptCode in a P2WSH transaction?

Let's say I am spending from a 2-of-2 multisig with this script: ...
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1answer
56 views

Why is there no decentralized Bitcoin trading API?

Since nobody has answered me the last 30 times when I asked for decentralized Bitcoin trading APIs, I can pretty safely conclude that it just doesn't exist. So that's why I now ask why this is. Don't ...
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1answer
83 views

Decoding hex scriptsig in Python

Running decodescript on d1a076722d11ddfd0fadb96d6d960b8b2ad6c6369570cd00df70a801a6be9e44 is returning: { "asm": "0 ...
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1answer
33 views

Getting source address of a Tx message from it's signature script

I have a simple bitcoin packet which contains TX message. in a TX message, one of it's Transaction input hex data was like this: ...
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1answer
102 views

Detect types of ScriptSig and parse each part

As explained in https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Script there are many types of scriptPubKey and scriptSig like: <sig> <pubKey> <sig> <pubKey> <pubKey> <sig> <...
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3answers
1k views

What does Bitcoin policy language offer the developer that Miniscript doesn't? What is the difference between Bitcoin policy language and Miniscript?

I understand that policy language compiles to Miniscript and Miniscript compiles to Bitcoin Script. This is also a great resource on Miniscript: http://bitcoin.sipa.be/miniscript/ But I know very ...
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1answer
654 views

Bitcoin - Is the <pubKeyHash> in scriptPubKey already hashed?

In Bitcoin protocol, to set the output of a transaction you need a scriptPubKey which is in the following format. scriptPubKey = OP_DUP OP_HASH160 <pubKeyHash> OP_EQUALVERIFY OP_CHECKSIG Is &...
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1answer
24 views

How Extracting address Bitcoin to script multi signature

I want to extract the correct address from a script multi-signature. I have this real script multi-signature from this ScriptSig (tx index 1), so this is a readme script for this address OP_2 ...
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1answer
445 views

What is 'ScriptCode'?

I don't understand what the 'ScriptCode' thing is. Is it a part of transaction format? The wiki https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Transaction describes scriptPubKey and scriptSig, mentioning nothing about '...
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0answers
35 views

Is possible extract the original script P2MS from the transaction locked with the P2SH address?

This is a stupid question because if the P2SH contains the hash160 (and the hash160 contains the sha256) of the P2MS doesn't possible return to the original hex P2MS. So, but for verifying the P2SH I ...
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0answers
36 views

How verify (in C++) input signature?

First small problem: blockchair.com give me only output scripts, not input - is any blockexplorer online with it? I read binary data and this may be hard recreate my sample data and verify. I test BTC ...
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2answers
199 views

How is subscript computed for OP_CHECKMULTISIG?

I'm trying to learn the Bitcoin protocol by implementing it, and I've got OP_CHECKSIG working (following instructions in https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/OP_CHECKSIG), but I can't get an transaction input ...
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1answer
185 views

Different redeemScript for the same scriptPubKey?

Most transaction outputs to P2SH addresses have the following scriptPubKey: HASH160 f45d94733d430261962932e0c847075195916a04 OP_EQUAL As I understand it, this transaction do not need to be signed. ...
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1answer
65 views

Clarification on execution of complex script with OP_CHECKLOCKTIMEVERIFY

I'm quoting this example of BIP65 BIP 65 has this bitcoin script code IF <now + 3 months> CHECKLOCKTIMEVERIFY DROP <Lenny's pubkey> CHECKSIGVERIFY 1 ELSE 2 ENDIF <...
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2answers
174 views

What is the point of including the scriptCode of the input in the transaction digest of segwit?

BIP143 specifies "a new transaction digest algorithm". scriptCode of the input (serialized as scripts inside CTxOuts) What problems could arise if the scriptCode of the input were not ...
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1answer
51 views

Does Bitcoin script support nested IFs (OP_IF or OP_NOTIF inside one another)?

For example can we convert the following code to a script? if(bool_1) { FOO1(); if(!bool_2) { FOO2(); } else { BAR1(); if(bool_3) { ...
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87 views

How to use “OP_CHECKSEQUENCEVERIFY” in regtest?

I have created a P2sh includes OP_CHECKSEQUENCEVERIFY and funded the same. I was trying to redeem the coins. But i could not understand the working of OP_CHECKSEQUENCEVERIFY. Below is the example ...
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1answer
96 views

How does Elements integrate Simplicity?

Greg Maxwell noted that there are two ways to integrate Simplicity into Bitcoin. One is to make only a few select high-level constructs available (like SHA256, CheckSigHashAll), the other is to expose ...

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