Questions tagged [script]

This tag should be used for questions regarding Bitcoin transaction scripts or scripting languages used in transactions of altcoins such as Solidity. Scripts are a set of instructions on how to complete a transaction.

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What are some good solutions for analyzing Bitcoin script patterns?

I'm interested in analyzing the Bitcoin blockchain for occurrences of particular scripts and spending patterns. What are some good solutions for this? An ideal solution would let me filter ...
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Can someone explain how an HTLC is redeemed?

I'm looking at Bolt 3 in the Lightning rfc. My question is about how a HTLC is redeemed. Example HTLC script for reference: # To remote node with revocation key OP_DUP OP_HASH160 <RIPEMD160(SHA256(...
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How to verify locking and unlocking scripts?

I've selected an arbitrary transaction id and retrieved its associated transaction details using the blockcypher explorer as follows: from blockcypher import get_transaction_details ...
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1answer
17 views

How does a constant opcode become negative in Script

I am doing some tutorial and in this chapter we are suppose to reproduce the Script scripting language I am struggling to understand one of the exercises, here it is: Create a ScriptSig that can ...
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1answer
23 views

Is a script spendable if multiple items are left on the stack?

Is a script spendable if the top item left on the stack evaluates to "TRUE", and that is the only item left in the stack? In other words, is it okay for multiple items to be left on the stack? For ...
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2answers
71 views

Non SegWit P2SH bytes structure

I'm working on a bitcoin block explorer in golang, in which I'd like to gather as much informations as possible about transactions. I am able to extract addresses from every type of output, and mostly ...
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1answer
26 views

What is the scriptCode in a P2WSH transaction?

Let's say I am spending from a 2-of-2 multisig with this script: ...
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1answer
46 views

Why is there no decentralized Bitcoin trading API?

Since nobody has answered me the last 30 times when I asked for decentralized Bitcoin trading APIs, I can pretty safely conclude that it just doesn't exist. So that's why I now ask why this is. Don't ...
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1answer
34 views

Decoding hex scriptsig in Python

Running decodescript on d1a076722d11ddfd0fadb96d6d960b8b2ad6c6369570cd00df70a801a6be9e44 is returning: { "asm": "0 ...
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What does Bitcoin policy language offer the developer that Miniscript doesn't? What is the difference between Bitcoin policy language and Miniscript?

I understand that policy language compiles to Miniscript and Miniscript compiles to Bitcoin Script. This is also a great resource on Miniscript: http://bitcoin.sipa.be/miniscript/ But I know very ...
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1answer
18 views

How Extracting address Bitcoin to script multi signature

I want to extract the correct address from a script multi-signature. I have this real script multi-signature from this ScriptSig (tx index 1), so this is a readme script for this address OP_2 ...
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0answers
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Is possible extract the original script P2MS from the transaction locked with the P2SH address?

This is a stupid question because if the P2SH contains the hash160 (and the hash160 contains the sha256) of the P2MS doesn't possible return to the original hex P2MS. So, but for verifying the P2SH I ...
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How verify (in C++) input signature?

First small problem: blockchair.com give me only output scripts, not input - is any blockexplorer online with it? I read binary data and this may be hard recreate my sample data and verify. I test BTC ...
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129 views

Can we construct a UTXO which is spendable only via proof of work?

Do the current Bitcoin opcodes and transaction size limit allow constructing a UTXO which is only spendable if a specified amount of work has been performed? So the spender, would provide a nonce as ...
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1answer
40 views

Does Bitcoin script support nested IFs (OP_IF or OP_NOTIF inside one another)?

For example can we convert the following code to a script? if(bool_1) { FOO1(); if(!bool_2) { FOO2(); } else { BAR1(); if(bool_3) { ...
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1answer
61 views

Clarification on execution of complex script with OP_CHECKLOCKTIMEVERIFY

I'm quoting this example of BIP65 BIP 65 has this bitcoin script code IF <now + 3 months> CHECKLOCKTIMEVERIFY DROP <Lenny's pubkey> CHECKSIGVERIFY 1 ELSE 2 ENDIF <...
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74 views

How to use “OP_CHECKSEQUENCEVERIFY” in regtest?

I have created a P2sh includes OP_CHECKSEQUENCEVERIFY and funded the same. I was trying to redeem the coins. But i could not understand the working of OP_CHECKSEQUENCEVERIFY. Below is the example ...
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1answer
30 views

How to calculate the Public key P2SH from hexadecimal script?

My study on the scripts goes next. I'm creating a ScriptPubKey decompiler, now I have a problem with the P2SH, So how is calculate the key p2sh? I using this code but I not think is correct ...
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1answer
58 views

Clarification on the script P2SH, how is executed to Bitcoin core?

This question is a continuation of the my post yesterday. Today I have a question on P2SH execution so, an example of the script should be this OP_0 <A Signature> <B Signature> OP_2 <...
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1answer
44 views

How does this simple script use the OP_CHECKSIG opcode?

I have this Script P2PKH <A Signature> <A Public Key> OP_DUP OP_HASH160 <A Public Key Hash> OP_EQUALVERIFY OP_CHECKSIG The bitcoin.org documentation say this The entire ...
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1answer
89 views

How does Elements integrate Simplicity?

Greg Maxwell noted that there are two ways to integrate Simplicity into Bitcoin. One is to make only a few select high-level constructs available (like SHA256, CheckSigHashAll), the other is to expose ...
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1answer
27 views

Is a multi script possible that requires relative time locks relative to each signature?

I've been wondering about cold storage multi sig security. Specifically, I was wondering how secure it is with respect to a kidnapper. If a kidnapper took X hostage, and threatened to kill him, X ...
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Who write Bitcoin scripts [duplicate]

I have just discovered Bitcoin scripts system, then now I am wondering which are the people who write bitcoin scripts ? Mainly developers of wallet software ?
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BIP0034 block height using python-bitcoinlib

I'm doing some experiments for finding coinbase height from freshly mined block which is received from ZMQ. tx_coinbase = CTransaction.deserialize(x('...
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Bitcoin Transaction Generation: Signature Verification Error

I have the following raw transaction (basic P2PKH) which I am trying to send to the Bitcoin Testnet 3: ...
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1answer
252 views

Is it possible to do a 3-of-5 OR 1 multi-sig for backup purposes?

I'd like to create a multi-sig wallet where I can freely create transactions, but I want to give keys to trusted friends/family + a safety deposit box so that if I hit my head and forget my password, ...
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1answer
107 views

Bitcoin TX decode failed while sending to a the network(regtest)

I have created a signature manually (referring the signature output formats in bitcoin-cli). But i tried to send the same to the network I am getting error code: -22 error message: TX decode ...
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1answer
36 views

Bitcoin script (pay-to-pubkey-hash)

Example for 'pay-to-pubkey-hash' is quoted in Wiki bitcoin script. I have a doubt that 14 is for bytes to push. But the data to push is 20 bytes. Please anyone could explain to me? Script: 76 --> ...
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1answer
53 views

In practice, are redeemScripts commonly reused?

In regards to P2SH-P2WSH transactions, are Txout-script values identical between transactions? Is it reasonable to expect a business or vendor that accepts bitcoin to be using the same redeemScript ...
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1answer
61 views

How do I extract the address from a scriptPubKey?

I am creating a block parser and just learned about Scripts in Bitcoin yesterday which is kind of confusing so far. I want to extract the addresses involved in each transaction. Right now, I am able ...
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54 views

HTLC in blockchain regtest mode by creating transactions manually

I am trying to create a htlc smart contract manually by writing a script and finding the hex using the btcc compiler. Now node A has to create a transaction using that hex and lock money in that p2sh ...
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1answer
117 views

Bitcoin raw transaction with manually created redeem script

I am running bitcoin in regtest mode with 2 nodes bitcoinNode1 and bitcoinNode2.I have created a redeem script by writing the opcodes and converted into hex form using btcc. HP-ProBook-440-G4:~$ btcc ...
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1answer
41 views

OP_EQUAL not working properly

I went to https://siminchen.github.io/bitcoinIDE/build/editor.html to try some bitcoin scripting and I wrote this script: <1PUzZ61FSVTn12CafJC85Vy1ts3BoFcXdU> OP_HASH160 <...
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1answer
27 views

Getting source address of a Tx message from it's signature script

I have a simple bitcoin packet which contains TX message. in a TX message, one of it's Transaction input hex data was like this: ...
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1answer
80 views

Detect types of ScriptSig and parse each part

As explained in https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Script there are many types of scriptPubKey and scriptSig like: <sig> <pubKey> <sig> <pubKey> <pubKey> <sig> <...
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Parse signature and public key from scriptsig in an input transaction of bitcoin protocol [duplicate]

I'm interested in bitcoin protocol and checking validation of a transaction. in a TX message, we can see one or more than one input transaction and every input transaction has a previous transaction ...
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0answers
29 views

Extract input addresses from a tx message in bitcoin protocol

Recently, I wrote a c++ code to extract some information from some messages in BITCOIN protocol. for example, I extracted bitcoin value and output address corresponded to it from tx messages of this ...
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1answer
125 views

Bitcoin script execution unsuccessful

I'm working my way through "Mastering Bitcoin". The author made a transaction: 0627052b6f28912f2703066a912ea577f2ce4da4caa5a5fbd8a57286c345c2f2 https://www.blockchain.com/btc/tx/...
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2answers
27 views

Where are the non-scriptPubKey outputs in the chainstate leveldb?

I read https://bitcoindev.network/understanding-the-data/ and it explain that the leveldb of the chainstate contain transaction with at least one unspent output. And it has "The scriptPubKey and ...
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1answer
53 views

How to generate an output address from output scrips which start with 0x00?

A few days ago, I got a BITCOIN traffic which contains some tx message. some of tx messages contain witness data. I want to produce all output addresses from transaction output scripts. I extracted ...
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1answer
43 views

Bitcoin Blocks Date not coherent? [duplicate]

I was taking data from the BTC Blockchain with a custom script. I found something really weird. Block nr. 24668 was created at 2009-10-09 23:02:57 Block nr. 24669 was created at 2009-10-10 00:15:48 ...
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1answer
130 views

How i can extract all bitcoin output addresses from tx message?

I want to extract output addresses from tx messages in any bitcoin pcap. currently, i extract tx messages which it's output script starts with "0x76" or "0xA9", but i don't know how can i extract the ...
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2answers
60 views

How to extract raw script from tx messages when the output script starts with 0xA9?

I'm working on extracting output addresses from tx messages in BITCOIN packets. Currently, I extract address from output scripts which starts with 0x76(OP_DUP) like this : 76 a9 14 6d 1d 74 58 95 6e ...
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1answer
61 views

Multisig without P2WSH in Lightning

The current Lightning implementations use P2WSH script format for multisig in the funding transaction. But it is also possible to use the CHECKMULTISIG opcode "natively", i.e., without P2WSH (see ...
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1answer
53 views

Are Relay Addresses Possible?

Is it possible to create an address such that different parties can spend certain portions of any output spent to that address? R: 1zaybxcrandrelayexampaddr A: 1xyzabcrandexampladdressa 97% B: ...
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1answer
87 views

How to make a homomorphic preimage/payment hash with current lightning network / Bitcoin implementations?

If I remember / understand it correctly by using the mechanisms from the scriptless scripts paper we could easily create homomorphic preimages / paymenthashes. I think this would be a very desirable ...
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1answer
100 views

Besides transaction validation, are there any other uses of the Script language in Bitcoin

Script's stack operations are used to validate signatures and scripts of transaction inputs and outputs. Is Script also used to validate block, network, or any other data? Seem like there are a lot ...
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1answer
58 views

Differences to CCompactSize and CVarInt

I'm developing a parser bitcoin core and I have a problem whit the type CVarInt, I using the decodifier mode of the CCompact size but at the block 976 I Have a problem whit the type, because the value ...
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1answer
70 views

Script Null into raw trasaction bitcoin core

I'm developing a parser for bitcoin core and into the alpha test of the parser,I noticed than the script bitcoin core are null and the hash raw transaction exist. An example: for this transaction the ...
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1answer
106 views

Script to import multiple priv keys in Electrum

DuckDuckGo turns up nothing of interest. How to import multiple priv keys in Electrum from a file using Electrum console or shell script, for all derivable valid BTC addresses? (1,3,bc1) Eventually I ...