Questions tagged [segregated-witness]

This tag should be used for questions regarding Segregated Witness (segwit), an activated softfork that defined a new transaction format which doesn't include signatures in the transaction identifier (txid).

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1answer
130 views

How to generate the digest from a raw bitcoin transaction for verifying signature of specific input?

I'm writing a stand alone process that needs to verify that a known UTXO is part of a new transaction with a valid signature. Inputs [ UTXO, raw transaction, input_number ] How do to I verify the ...
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1answer
155 views

Confirming transactions in the Merkle root and SegWit

I'm trying to find out how exactly transactions are confirmed in a block. I understand that to confirm a transaction, you hash it with its associated transaction and then the associated hashes until ...
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1answer
860 views

Does the bitcoin testnet3 network support Segwit and OP_CSV?

As far as I know, Segregated Witness and OP_CHECKSEQUENCEVERIFY are the last features needed to be able to fully implement a trustless bi-directional payment channel, from start to finish. (...
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1answer
200 views

Activation of SegWit v1

The segregated witness soft fork of August 2017 included a versioning field which would allow for future incrementation. Anthony Towns has recently posted an early draft of the proposal for the SegWit ...
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1answer
807 views

Is there an address format for P2WPKH or P2WSH?

Is there an address format for P2WPKH or P2WSH? If P2WPKH uses the same address format as P2PKH, how does a wallet know which one to use?
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2answers
111 views

If I was developing a Bitcoin wallet, should I support both legacy and compatibility addresses?

To receive funds, I was thinking of giving a user the option of displaying two QR codes: Legacy - p2phk e.g. 1AKDDsfTh8uY4X3ppy1m7jw1fVMBSMkzjP Compatibility - p2sh(p2wpkh) e.g. ...
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4answers
1k views

Generating a segwit (bc1) address from a brain wallet?

Are there any brain wallet generators that can generate segwit (bc1) addresses yet?
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1answer
195 views

Why hash witness script instead of pubkey script in signature?

When a segwit input is signed, the signature will commit to the witness script (or a p2pkh-like script in case of p2wpkh). This is specified in BIP143: For P2WPKH witness program, the scriptCode ...
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2answers
2k views

How do transaction costs compare between Bech32 addresses and legacy Bitcoin addresses?

Now that Electrum 3 supports Bech32 addresses for segwit, when sending coins to a legacy address are fees higher or cheaper?
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1answer
64 views

Transaction version 2 - bytes between tx version and number of inputs

In the bitcoin transaction version 2, there are additional two bytes (hex: "0001") between transaction version (hex: "02000000"), and number of inputs (hex: "01"). What it is? Here's an example https:...
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2answers
2k views

How to check if an address is valid in Bitcoin Cash?

A lot of users seem to be mistakenly sending Bitcoin Cash to Bitcoin addresses and vice versa. I understand Bitcoin Cash doesn't support SegWit and that if Bitcoin Cash is sent to a SegWit Bitcoin ...
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1answer
33 views

which was the purpose of changing the signature of a TX? or it was just a bug before segwit?

Was there any purpose in changing the signature of a transaction? Or it was a bug before segregated witness? Does segregated witness disable some wanted feature?
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1answer
259 views

regtest: ERROR: ProcessNewBlock: AcceptBlock FAILED: unexpected witness data found (code 16) on v0.14.3

I have two bitcoind regtest processes; v0.16.3 and v0.14.3. I got "unexpected witness data found (code 16)" when v0.14.3 node try to received a block from the peer (v0.16.3) How can I fix it? (I'm ...
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1answer
427 views

How much does the weight of 2-of-3 multisignature inputs change between P2SH and P2SH-P2WSH?

I'm trying to calculate the weight of a 2-of-3 multisignature P2SH-P2WSH input. I found the related question Predict multi signature transaction size, which I've calculated out with m=2, n=3 here: ...
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2answers
278 views

How does the structure of a segwit block differ from a non-segwit block?

Is there any difference in the structure of a segwit block in comparison to a traditional non-segwit block? A diagram would be helpful if possible.
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1answer
307 views

Can you send a transaction from non-native segwit to native(bech32) segwit address?

Let's say I have a wallet with a non-native segwit address (prefixed with 3- like multisig). Can I send my utxos from this address to a native segwit (bech32) address?
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1answer
58 views

Why is the wtxid considered malleable?

Why is the wtxid considered malleable since the transaction is unconfirmed? How can a third-party modify it?
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3answers
440 views

Why does the decode function of the segwit bech32 encoder/decoder take a hrp (human readable part) as input?

Looking at the code referenced in bip-0173, specifically for example here: https://github.com/sipa/bech32/blob/master/ref/javascript/segwit_addr.js function decode (hrp, addr) { var dec = ...
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2answers
164 views

SHA256 vs RIPEMD160 in SegWit

In Pay-To-Witness-Public-Key-Hash (P2WPKH), the RIPEMD160 hash function is used to hash the public key of the recipient in the locking script. On the contrary, Pay-To-Witness-Script-Hash (P2WSH) uses ...
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1answer
188 views

Transaction Malleability, How can I change signature?

I'm kind of desperate as I can't follow some ideas that I don't understand. I hope you can help me. Thank you in advance It's all about Segwit Question 1) It says that when bob makes a transaction ...
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1answer
52 views

Transaction Malleability, if i want to change signature, what part should I change, so that it would remain valid?

I know what transaction malleability is, but I don't understand how someone can change my signature so that it would remain valid. For example, If I want to change signature what part should I change, ...
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2answers
317 views

Why didn't Bitcoin implement segwit in the first place?

Why didn't Bitcoin implement segwit in the first place? Why and how does non-segwit Bitcoin enable a miner to change a transaction's txid? From Mastering Bitcoin ch. 7 § "Transaction identifiers": ...
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2answers
2k views

P2WSH, witness_v0_scripthash: how to derive an address

Is there an address associated with P2WSH scripts? for testnet txid =6717c8971dccbf826790efc16fb357f1e225fed3448247b8556c9f13a6c0ce42, i get: "vout": [ { "value": 0.05994165, "n": 0, ...
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1answer
310 views

Are “1” , “3” and “Bech” Addresses (BTC) forward and backward compatible?

Wondering if lets say someone has funds in Bech32 and they send to a "1" or "3" address due to less characters to remember ect.
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2answers
160 views

What were the main technological reasons that Bitcoin Cash did not want to adopt SegWit?

What are the key risks/drawbacks to SegWit and why did the Bitcoin Cash community conduct a risky hard fork to avoid it?
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2answers
74 views

BIP 144 transaction format and soft-forks and old nodes

I was trying to manually parse a raw Bitcoin transaction in order to better understand how it works. This is how it starts: "0200000000010141035625cd030eca667c95d1729a" I think I've parsed the Tx ...
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1answer
616 views

In simple terms, what are the major differences between P2WPKH and P2WSH bech32 addresses?

I've read over the bip173, bip141, and bip143 specifications and they're a bit too technical to get at the simple answers I'm looking for.
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1answer
47 views

Is SegWit similar to/ derived from Hyperledger Fabric?

Segregating the witness (signature) data from the transactional data is similar to the structure used in Hyperledger Fabric. Curious about the derivation of SegWit?
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2answers
148 views

How can Segwit increase transaction throughput if the same amount of data is stored in the blockchain?

I'm posting this after reading the answers to this: Where is the Signature stored in a SegWit transaction? I've found out from reading that, that in Segwit, the "witnesses" (or signatures) that ...
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2answers
2k views

Where is the Signature stored in a SegWit transaction?

I understand that SegWit makes transaction blockdata smaller, by not storing the signature in the Block, so that can fit more transactions in 1MB. This is because the signature is not anymore stored ...
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2answers
177 views

What is the command to sign a message using a segwit private key using electrum 3?

I want to sign and verify a message using a segwit private key that i generated with another application. How can I sign and verify a message using electrum 3 cli?
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1answer
189 views

How to make segwit transaction and bech32 mandatory

Is it possible to make segwit transactions (and possibly segwit address: Bech32) mandatory in the Bitcoin Core code? In other words, when a transaction is created using the wallet, the transaction ...
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0answers
221 views

How to send Bitcoin Cash from BTC segwit address? [closed]

I'm trying to build a nodejs command with commander, bitcoinjs-lib, bitcoincashjs, blocktrail-sdk. Currently I got the problem when trying to spend the Bitcoin Cash of segwit address. Example: A is ...
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2answers
110 views

SegWit Version - is there a proposal for new versions?

I can see transactions with version 0 Are there any other versions of SegWit proposed or in existence?
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2answers
54 views

Transaction order in the blockchain

What is the difference between segregated witness (segwit) and canonical transaction ordering (CTOR) ?
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1answer
1k views

Will SegWit allow for m of n multisig with very large n and m?

By reading this answer, I understand that in m-of-n multisig addresses, m and n are limited by the maximum size allowed by the P2SH redeemScript (i.e. 520 bytes). However, in this section of BIP141, ...
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2answers
320 views

How segwit blocks are seen by segwit and non-segwit nodes?

Let's say a miner mines a block. In this block some transactions will be non-segwit and some will be segwit? The block contains two parts: The part with transactions The segregated part with ...
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1answer
97 views

What percentage of nodes currently support segwit?

What percentage of nodes currently support segwit? It seems Bitnodes could figure this out, but I can't find such a stat on its website.
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1answer
98 views

Struggling to successfully broadcast a p2pkh transaction

I've been experimenting with sending bitcoin transactions with python for the past week. I successfully was able to send p2wpkh->ALL address types, p2sh-p2wpkh->ALL address types. What I am ...
5
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1answer
753 views

Why does BIP141 define both virtual transaction size and weight?

Why does BIP 141 (segwit) define both virtual transaction size and weight? Weight seems to be just four times virtual transaction size (or vice versa, depending on what you define first). Why are ...
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1answer
188 views

Segwit txin. Witness data association

I am trying to learn more about the bitcoin protocol and I am writing some python software to make a light wallet. I have advanced quite far and I have come across something that I dont really ...
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2answers
856 views

Can someone explain how this person hacked bitcoin?

I'm trying to fill a few gaps in my understanding how this transaction happened! It all started with this article In short, some vigilante/miner was able to scoop up all of the BCH sitting in ...
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2answers
127 views

Calculating the witness size of a transaction

I want to calculate how many % of a block, and thus, transactions that are witness data. I need to calculate the size of the witness data in bytes in every transaction. And as I understand it, I ...
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2answers
257 views

Using BitcoinJS - How do you verify a message using a segwit bech32 (bc1…) / P2SH (3…) addresses?

I created a signature from a message using my private key. But how do I verify this signed message using my segwit addresses of 3... or bc1...? How do I verify this using the BitcoinJS library?
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1answer
392 views

How do I calculate the witness commitment hash for a given block?

From my understanding, every SegWit enabled block has an added output script which is used as a place to store the "Witness commitment" specified in BIP 141. One issue I've stumbled upon was ...
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1answer
132 views

Where is the pubkey for segwit inputs?

Normally when you spend an input, you reveal your public key and signature so that ECVERIFY can be done. I look at segwit raw transactions and cannot find the public key inside them, where do they go?...
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1answer
169 views

Access funds on legacy address related to segwit address from which I have private key

The situation Hello. Our company running BTC pool. We've been mining BTC for a while and used segwit address 32Z3eXSPgxcHj2fnQy8d6dg66eVtZfxrBM as pool adress. But when we finally found a first ...
5
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1answer
494 views

What are the standard formats of transaction outputs?

A transaction output can have the type Pay to public key hash, P2PKH, where the ScriptPubKey field has the format: 76 a9 14 <20-byte hash of pubkey> 88 ac Pay to script hash, P2SH, used for e.g. ...
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2answers
2k views

How to get addresses from scriptPubKey in segwit transactions?

I'm running through raw transaction data, and I'd like to be able to gather addresses (where possible). So far, I've made this diagram to help me understand when it's possible to figure out addresses ...
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1answer
48 views

Is there any format change in block #498557

I wrote some python code to parse the block data, all the result are fine, until block01095.dat, block #498557. The code to deal with Transaction is: class Tx: def __init__(self, blockchain): ...

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