Questions tagged [signature]

This tag should be used for questions regarding digital signatures. A digital signature proves that the owner of a private key produced or endorsed a given message. These are used in transactions to prove that an output can be spent in a transaction.

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1answer
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How is Public Key extracted from (message, digital signature, address)

I'm under the impression that a public key is revealed when you sign a message. Given these 3 inputs. P2PKH Address, Digital Signature, Message. Is the public key exposed? If so, how do you extract ...
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2answers
131 views

What happens when the verification of a manipulated transaction fail?

If a malicious miner changes the amount in a given transaction, the hash value of the block changes. Thus, he has to find the required hash value again in that block. Let's say he successfully found ...
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Signature generation

I am trying to unwrap bitcoin transaction generation process. A bit confused about signing part. My understanding is the transaction is sha256'd, then sha256'd one more time, then ECDSA'd. Based ...
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1answer
64 views

Transaction Malleability, if i want to change signature, what part should I change, so that it would remain valid?

I know what transaction malleability is, but I don't understand how someone can change my signature so that it would remain valid. For example, If I want to change signature what part should I change, ...
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1answer
395 views

How to add a signature to a transaction which I can broadcast

I am using ledger and multi sig to sign a transaction I got signature hash where both party signed the transaction. How can I attached this signature to the transaction so that I can broadcast it to ...
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1answer
59 views

Retrieve money back from wrong prefix address

Normally, p2pkh address is generate by Base58(Prefix+ PublicKeyHash + Checksum), and prefix is set 0x00. What if by accidently, prefix is set 0x05, then the address prefix becomes 3, which becomes ...
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1answer
143 views

P2PKH - Sharing a wallet address does not reveal my pub key?

Is it technically correct to say that if I share my address with the network, nobody has access to my pubkey still? But if I share a valid signature to a P2PKH UTXO, someone can derive my pubkey and ...
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1answer
175 views

For a transaction with a single input and output, is there a difference between SIGHASH_ALL and SIGHASH_SINGLE|SIGHASH_ANYONECANPAY

I have an signing implementation that already works for SIGHASH_ALL, and I'm trying to also support SIGHASH_SINGLE|SIGHASH_ANYONECANPAY. I'm referencing https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/OP_CHECKSIG for the ...
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1answer
415 views

What happens if I use same k twice in DSA algorithm?

To sign a message , we choose nonce k but what happens if we use same k twice to sign a message using DSA algorithm?
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1answer
434 views

How OP_CHECKSIG knows the source of sig in pay to pubkey hash transaction

https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Script#Standard_Transaction_to_Bitcoin_address_.28pay-to-pubkey-hash.29 The last step of pay to pubkey hash transaction is to check the signature of the previous ...
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1answer
2k views

How does a Doge public key is created from a private key? [closed]

I am looking for the differences between the creation of Doge public keys and Bitcoin public keys when inserting a private key. I am trying to make a small web-app that signs messages. There are a ...
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1answer
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What exactly is hashed and signed in a segwit transaction

I have an unsigned raw segwit transaction on my regtest network: ...
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1answer
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Sign Bitcoin transaction with several inputs using bitcoinj. Broadcasting of transaction failed

Good day! I'm working with low level API to make tx and sign it offline. But after all preparations I try to broadcast it and than i get an error from network: 16: mandatory-script-verify-flag-...
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2answers
2k views

How are Bitcoin Signed Messages generated?

Ledger Nano S and other pieces of Bitcoin software and hardware can sign messages using the private key associated with an address. Doing this, I get the following output: -----BEGIN BITCOIN SIGNED ...
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1answer
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What is the maximum size of a DER encoded ECDSA signature?

I've been told by a seasoned Bitcoin contributor that signatures in Bitcoin could be up to 75 bytes. I'm curious to find out how that maximum comes to pass. According to this answer on Why the ...
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1answer
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Link to Algorithmic behind signatures verification [duplicate]

Does anyone know a good paper where the process of signature verification is explained (message+signature+public key = valid/not_valid) ??? And I mean it at a low level, with the code or pseudo-code ...
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1answer
92 views

What does a bitcoin transaction contain?

I'm learning about basic transactions and know that a transaction should contain: i) Signature of the sender using some operator: sign(private key,message) ii) Receivers Public key (wallet address) ...
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0answers
39 views

Can you use Schnorr to sign inputs individually?

Can personA build a transaction and sign his inputs, then personB signs his and that be added into one transaction using Schnorr. Or are SIGHASHes still needed?
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1answer
287 views

Why do we need public key as part of Witness in P2WPKH transactions?

As we want to minimize the data payload in a blockchain, which also led to concepts like SegWit, and is matter of discussion in Signature aggregation etc, I wonder why do we actually need to supply ...
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1answer
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How are P and ((z1*s2 - z2*s1)/(r*(s1-s2))) calculated?

Given: p = 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFEBAAEDCE6AF48A03BBFD25E8CD0364141 r = 0xd47ce4c025c35ec440bc81d99834a624875161a26bf56ef7fdc0f5d52f843ad1 s1 = ...
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1answer
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Why is my P2SH sigScript field prepended with 0x00?

I created a P2SH transaction and signed it using coinb.in. The sigScript field for this transaction is: da 00 47 3044 0220 ...
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3answers
831 views

Public key cryptography question - Is Private or Public key used to sign? Confusion between which key is used to sign and which is used to encrypt

I am relatively new to cryptography and blockchain and am learning about how public key cryptography works, and its application in Bitcoin's environment. I read two different articles , the 1st which ...
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1answer
246 views

Possible to check who signed the transaction in a multi-sig transaction case?

Say you have a multi-sig tx that originated from a 2-of-3 P2SH address. Is it possible to say who signed the transaction? i.e. you can get access to the redeem script once the tx is broadcasted, and ...
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2answers
59 views

How a transaction proves its ownership of the its source, which can be one or multiple unspent output?

I read the following from the book << Mastering Bitcoin >> "As you may notice, the transaction contains an empty scriptSig because we haven’t signed it yet. Without a signature, this ...
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2answers
260 views

Why is the signature hash different for each input in a multi-input transaction?

In pre-BIP143 signature hashes, I know that the signature hash differs because you have to substitute the previous scriptPubKey for each input and thus the serialization changes. The question is why? ...
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1answer
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SignatureHash description

SignatureHash takes in as input a scriptCode: uint256 SignatureHash( const CScript& scriptCode, const CTransaction& txTo, unsigned int nIn, int nHashType, const ...
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1answer
152 views

Extended keys and signing TX

I have couple of keys of path m/0/0 TPriv- Extended private key (pvt key+chain code) TPub- Extended public key (public key+chain code) Now I generate an address of of the TPub key and revived ...
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1answer
61 views

Can op codes be used instead of signatures?

Are there any op codes or combination of opcodes that can be used instead of a digital signature when creating a transaction?
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1answer
59 views

Why does bitcoin use signatures to verify transactions?

Why does bitcoin use signatures to verify transactions in order for them to be broadcasted and mined and is there any other method that could be used instead of signatures?
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2answers
29 views

Create a transaction which sends bitcoin to the address it's being sent from?

Let's say address X has 1 btc. Can you create a transaction which would send the 1 btc from X back to X and broadcast it without having to sign it, since the 1 btc is going back into the address it is ...
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2answers
298 views

Transactions without signatures?

Do all transactions require a siganture to be broadcasted and signed or is it possible to have a unsigned transaction be mined? Could you not just use op codes to allow a transaction to be validated ...
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1answer
2k views

Signature verification in python using compressed public key

I am trying to learn bitcoin blockchain programming. I am trying to verify signature in Transaction with txid: 4269fdc239d027922dcec96f1ae283dbaff10e2d1bd49605661d091e79714956 I am getting ...
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4answers
427 views

Why bother checking both public key and signature in P2PKH transactions?

In a P2PKH pubkey script, first, the public key provided by the intended spender is verified to be correct and then this key is used to verify the spender's signature. I wonder why just verifying the ...
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2answers
181 views

Is it safe to share bitcoin address and signature generated from electrum wallet

Some bitcoin airdrops are asking to prove ownership on bitcoin address by sharing signature. My question is if one shares bitcoin address and signature is there any risk of a attacker to compute the ...
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1answer
2k views

How the Recipient's public key is used in bitcoin transaction

In the second paragraph the white paper by Nakatomo, we have this image: It says a coin is a set of digital signature. For what I understand the whole process is the following: Hash together the ...
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2answers
96 views

When manually creating a raw bitcoin tx, how does one determine whether the r or s values require more zeros?

Supposedly, if an R or S value will equal a "negative" number, one must append zeros to it and alter the "length" descriptor for the value to reflect that. When manually creating a raw tx how does ...
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2answers
299 views

Error when sending rawtransaction

I tried to write a transaction on my own in python to better understand how things work; when i decode the raw transaction, it seems properly written. When I use the rpc method sendrawtransaction I ...
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2answers
203 views

How is a transaction formated/signed?

Every transaction takes unspent outputs as inputs and creates new outputs. The creator of the transaction uses his private key to sign the transaction and nodes validate that transaction by using the ...
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2answers
212 views

Why is this script invalid, and how can I generate valid public key/digital signature pairs?

Why does the default P2PKH transaction at http://bitcoin-script-debugger.visvirial.com/ return NULL rather than true? I haven't tried to swallow the gory details of OP_CHECKSIG yet, but everything ...
4
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1answer
613 views

33 byte private key?

I have read that private key is 256 bits or 32 byte. see here I generated a key on bitcoin-test network. WIF: cVe4tA6QHduboeSiQD6Y6nzV1QjaVpDVG2YHbqbtJiSCxsNDYYUF HEX: ...
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1answer
95 views

Can I use uncompressed public keys in Bitcoin Cash transactions?

It have read that Bitcoin Cash uses BIP 143 to generate the signatures and that BIP 143 does not accept uncompressed public keys. Does that mean that you cannot send a Bitcoin Cash transaction using ...
5
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1answer
862 views

How do I generate the Bitcoin Cash hash preimage?

I am attempting to manually generate a signed transaction which is to be sent from my address 1GiJZtN7wjUuL4V5i7ZYYDAvFtqi5AhCDr which is bitcoincash:qzk9nxh6qpd9yt3hvv6vvun78s834f3escdhu2vdjp in the ...
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1answer
276 views

How does Bitcoin Core know that your private key relates to your public address? Are the private keys stored?

When a user creates an account on Bitcoin Core, he is assigned private keys. And he needs to use these private keys in order to send transactions onto the network. Does Bitcoin Core store these ...
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1answer
109 views

During Bitcoin Script execution, what is the significance of the signature verification in the stack?

During execution of the script i.e. ScriptSig + ScriptPub , the last step is the verification of the Signature against the public key provided by the recipient. How does this work and what is the ...
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0answers
443 views

Unable to broadcast native P2WPKH (SegWit) TX; malformed, but how?

I'm trying to add SegWit functionality to my app but am running into trouble building my transaction. I've read BIP143 so many times I virtually have it memorized, and I've followed it to the letter. ...
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1answer
607 views

Understanding BIP 143 [hash computation, lockTime, sequence number, witness format]

I'm trying to grasp some of the concepts presented in BIP 143. These are the things I'm stuck on: (1) A new hash format is presented. This new format is used to create a hash, which when signed with ...
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3answers
986 views

Why does Bitcoin uses a Script language?

From what I heard is that Bitcoin use Script to verify transactions (I'm probably wrong). Wouldn't be sufficient just signing the transaction with the private key and append the signature to the ...
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1answer
87 views

When the transaction been signed?

I understand that if Bob gets a transaction (BTC) from Alice and want to send it to Charlie he must provide a key which proof that he is the owner of the transaction. But in what stage Bob actually ...
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2answers
2k views

How can I fix this: (Non-canonical signature: S value is unnecessarily high)

I've written a small script that will create a bitcoin transaction from scratch, using an ECDSA library. It works, but sometimes I get this error: 64: non-mandatory-script-verify-flag (Non-canonical ...
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0answers
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aggregated signatures for combining payments over a low bandwidth mesh network

Background I'm researching how in a low bandwidth mesh network payment transactions from nodes can be combined to reduce the bandwidth used for payments. Aggregated signatures seem like a useful ...

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