Questions tagged [terminology]

Questions concerning terminology, jargon, abbreviations, acronyms and phrases that are essential to the cryptocurrency community.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Does Bitcoin Core have/need an archive mode?

Similar to Ethereum's Archive Node: Stores everything kept in the full node and builds an archive of historical states. Needed if you want to query something like an account balance at block #4,000,...
3
votes
2answers
60 views

What is the control block in Taproot?

What is the definition of "control block" in the context of Taproot? It is referred to in standard.cpp in the Bitcoin Core repo and in BIP 341.
1
vote
2answers
65 views

Isn't burning bitcoins a kind of fraud?

BitCoin burning is the process by which digital currency miners and developers can remove bitcoins from circulation, thereby slowing down inflation rates or reducing the total circulating supply of ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

What does “buy the dip” mean?

I keep hearing "buy the dip" constantly with Bitcoin people/comments. I get that it means that you should buy Bitcoin while the price is temporarily low, but what do they mean by it? Do they ...
4
votes
1answer
129 views

What exactly is a “blockchain developer”?

Hello everyone. This isn't specifically a bitcoin thread but due to recent events I think it is important that people get an understanding of the real Elon Musk as I have no doubt he will try and ...
5
votes
1answer
166 views

What is the difference between key aggregation and signature aggregation?

What is the difference between key aggregation (e.g. MuSig) and signature aggregation? Many people (including myself) have in the past used these terms interchangeably. Why is it important to be ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Please help me with this bitcoin sentence

The sentence (I need to add underneath the main paragraph) that I am unhappy with is: If you are not awaiting any newly broadcasted deposits this message may not apply to you. I am unhappy with my ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

I need help figuring out what happened with my BFGminer overnight

I'm a newbie to crypto and was experimenting with usb erupters because I was getting into ETH mining with my rig and wanted to test it on something less risky. I ran ck pool for my USB erupter just to ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

What exactly is sol/s as far as a hash rate is concerned? [closed]

What is sol/s? Is it the same as MH/s? Please don't answer it depends, because that makes no sense! I have already tried googling this question but to no avail.
5
votes
1answer
361 views

What does PSBT stand for?

What is PSBT? What does it stand for? bitcoin-qt has menu items "Load PSBT from file…" and "Load PSBT from clipboard…"; the dialog box says the file format is "Partially ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is coinbase mentioned in a BIP?

I thought that BIPs were similar to Pythons PIPs. So I was confused when I read BIP 34 mentioning coinbase explicitly. The author, Gavin Andresen, seems not to have a connection to coinbase. I thought ...
0
votes
2answers
58 views

Is this the ledger?

Lots of articles about bitcoin say that anyone can see all the transactions that have ever taken place, and they call that "the ledger." But none of those articles give a link for where to ...
0
votes
1answer
159 views

BTC Treasure hunt

Alright, I’m new to Bitcoin/Crypto, and this might be a long story but worth it. My life long friend had a $50 Visa gift card back in 2009-2011. His friends were over the house one day and mentioned ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

What is the difference between Consensus and Distributed Consensus?

This is more of a clarification than as a question. Since I didn't have the rep to post a comment in this question, I'm putting this itself as a question. Sources I've referred till now: A ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the difference between “native segwit” and “bech32”?

People seem to be using "native segwit" and "bech32" interchangeably. Are they really the same thing?
2
votes
1answer
95 views

What is a stale blockchain tip? Is it a blockchain tip missing the latest mined block?

Stale blocks and orphaned blocks are defined here. What is a stale blockchain tip? Is it a blockchain tip missing the latest mined block? Or is it a blockchain with a stale block (as defined in that ...
6
votes
1answer
109 views

How do we know which soft-forks were implemented using User-Activated Soft Fork or Miner-Activated Soft Fork?

This seems to be the most common definition When a majority of miners upgrade to enforce new rules, it is called a miner-activated soft fork (MASF). When full nodes coordinate to enforce new rules, ...
2
votes
1answer
418 views

Sidechain vs layer 2

I want to know what's the difference between "sidechain" and "layer 2". Is it the same thing ? Thanks
0
votes
1answer
40 views

What do “support” and “resistance” mean?

I'm still very much a newbie to all this and would like to get some help.
0
votes
2answers
39 views

what is referred as coin in bitcoin network?

I gathered information about bitcoin from various resources. All those resources said that when a transaction is done, the transaction get added to a block. So when Alice send 2 btc to Bob, network ...
3
votes
1answer
568 views

Redeem script. script hash, witness script and witness program

I have a little confusion about naming in Bitcoin. Redeem script is the conditions that will be satisfy. For example P2PKH inside P2SH OP_DUP OP_HASH160 <PubKHash> OP_EQUALVERIFY OP_CHECKSIG ...
0
votes
1answer
4k views

What does mBtc mean [duplicate]

I’m using Electrum 3.3.8 and I recently made a sale and got 0.83 mBTC. I’ve tried to convert the mBTC to USD. it says i have $5000+ but I was selling the product for only $6
3
votes
1answer
454 views

What is an extended fingerprint (xfp) and how does it differ from an xpub?

Coldcard requires the xfps of all of its cosigners to be able to verify and sign multisig transactions. Providing the coldcard with just the xpubs is not enough, which I believe to mean that the xfp ...
1
vote
3answers
189 views

Ironically, encryption is not an important part of bitcoin (?)

The above statement is taken out of a book which I've been reading: Mastering Bitcoin 2nd Edition. ...as its communications and transaction data are not encrypted and do not need to be encrypted ...
3
votes
3answers
104 views

What is “consensus”?

I’m really struggling to get my head around a particular piece of lingo in the bitcoin/blockchain space, and would really appreciate if someone was able to give a bit of clarity. I have been doing a ...
2
votes
1answer
467 views

what is measured in units of sat/kw?

Whilst learning about bitcoin & lightning fees I have encountered the abbreviation sat/kw a few times, most recently here: Why can’t lightning tx’s be signed with sighash single to allow for fee ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

How to detect a consensus is BFT or not? [closed]

Can we divide consensus algorithms into BFT (Byzantine Fault Tolerant) and non-BFT ? If so, How to detect a consensus is BFT or non-BFT ? Is there any non-BFT consensus algorithm example ?
1
vote
1answer
302 views

“Fork choice rule” : A general term? or a specific algorithm?

Is "Fork choice rule" a general term including all the algorithms used for choosing a branch among other branches in a fork (including longest chain rule in Bitcoin etc) ? Or is it a specific ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

What is a txn? How can it be invalid?

I read this in a IRC exchange: verifies your txns against a random node that you don't control. if for some reason that node went rogue, you might have accepted an invalid txn What is a txn?
2
votes
1answer
49 views

What does “Green address verification” mean in the context of transaction validation?

I am only new to Bitcoin and I would like to know what a "Green address verification" is. I have an Electrum wallet ver 3.3.6 and I think the term is being used in the context of faster transactions ...
3
votes
1answer
173 views

Why do we need to chain the blocks (creating blockchain) in a permissioned blockchain?

The main question is: What does "chaining block" mean in a permissioned blockchain? OR in any blockchain network in which creating a new block does NOT need consuming resources/energy ? (even in the ...
3
votes
2answers
532 views

What is the unit of time_lock_delta in LND?

LND has a configuration setting called time_lock_delta with the description "The required timelock delta for HTLCs forwarded over the channel.". I assume this to refer to some measure of time, but ...
1
vote
3answers
81 views

What does channel num_updates mean?

Some LND wallets provide a channel's "Number of Updates". Here's an example from Zap Desktop: The LND gRPC API Channel Reference cites a property called num_updates. The description of this field is ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Required conditions to be selected as intermediary node (Payment Service Provider) in Lightning Network?

I bring up some important questions about terminology of the Lightning Network and how to select the intermediary node as the Payment Service Provider in a routing channel: The following video (Link ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

“stable-coins”: A formal definition?

In crypto-currency news, we might heard about term of "stable-coins". Can we define a stable-coin as follows: A crypto-currency that is pegged to a fiat / formal currency to minimize the ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Is there any “permissionless” blockchain “without a native coin”?

We may certainly say that a "permissioned" blockchain cannot have a native coin (or cryptocurreny) since in permissioned blockchain we need a permission to be eligible to participate for transactions ...
1
vote
1answer
171 views

If Bitcoin addresses are a single-use token, how several transactions belong to a single address? (Edited)

While in Bitcoin wiki (Link to the page) is explicitly mentioned: "A Bitcoin address is a single-use token." We therefore expect that every address would be belonged to only a single transaction ...
1
vote
1answer
221 views

How to fund a bidirectional channel in Lightning Network by two participants? (Edited)

I brought up a similar question here: (Link to question) for a payment channel (in general case and without specifying which payment channel implementation.) Since this funding channels depends on the ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

meaning of “full node” in Lightning Network?

According to this answer: (Link to answer), "A 'full node' refers to a fully validating node on the Bitcoin network, meaning the node validates each block and transaction that happens on the ...
5
votes
1answer
207 views

Lightning Network: asymmetry in the information tracked by each participant?

In following paper, written by Christian Decker et al., there is a paragraph that is not clear to me. eltoo: A Simple Layer2 Protocol for Bitcoin "The central idea of Lightning is to invalidate ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Implementing an “ad-hoc-like network of payment channels” on top of Bitcoin network?

If we define an ad-hoc network as follows: "An ad hoc network is a network that is composed of individual devices communicating with each other directly." [1] ad-hoc networks do not rely on ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

What is a “half” in Bitcoin?

I saw in an article something about a Bitcoin algorithm half in 2020. What exactly is this? I have tried looking this up but I couldn't find anything that told me what it was only a website counting ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

In what way does Spectre have “weak” liveness?

In his article The Spectre Protocol, Aviv Zohar, one of Spectre's authors, mentions that Spectre has weak liveness. Why does he mention that Spectre has "weak" liveness, and how would "strong liveness"...
2
votes
2answers
813 views

Exact definition of “Liveness” and “Safety” properties in a consensus?

Two main properties of a consensus are "Liveness" and "Safety". What are the exact and precised definition of "Liveness" and "Safety" properties in a consensus ? Are the following definitions ...
9
votes
1answer
802 views

What is meant by transaction 'pinning'?

What is meant by the term 'transaction pinning'?
-1
votes
1answer
41 views

What does Starkware Industries mean?

What does Starkware Industries mean? Is it related to Zcash company? Its name apparently comes from Zero Knowledge Stark (zk-STARKs). I appreciate it if someone could define Starkware Industries in ...
1
vote
1answer
875 views

Can we estimate how many node has the Bitcoin network? [duplicate]

Is it possible to estimate the amount of nodes (hosts) are connected to the Bitcoin network in a given time? Note: Here node means host.
0
votes
1answer
329 views

Differences/similarities of “Bitcoin script” and “Ethereum smart contract”?

Can we compare Bitcoin script and Ethereum smart contract ? And if yes, What are differences/similarities of Bitcoin script and Ethereum smart contract in sense of functionality, architecture and ...
0
votes
4answers
85 views

Is blockchain always “public”?

Is the following definition of blockchain by its wikipwdia page correct? Where it is mentioned: A blockchain is a decentralized, distributed and public digital ledger ... Cannot we have a ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

What is the correct use of the term “validating”?

First, in the Bitcoin context what does validating mean? Second, is it incorrect to say something like " the average time it takes to validate a block by the network is 10 minutes." The way, I ...