How does Eligius pay miners directly from the newly generated coins?
It simply generates the coinbase transaction to include payments directly to its miners, instead of only a transaction to itself.
What are the pros and cons of this compared to how Slush does it?
Here are some I can think of:
No transaction fees necessary for these payouts (...
By simply adding addnode=188.8.131.52 to your bitcoin.conf file then any transaction you send will automatically be broadcast and eventually make it into a block. No one but you has to add this node and nothing special needs to be done beyond this one configuration.
Now it may be true that the bitcoin-qt client will not actually allow you to send a ...
Do you want to create p2pkh output and send zero satoshies on it? Such output is non-standard (dust) and will not be relayed and mined (but it is possible)
Or may be you want to create nulldummy (OP_RETURN) output? This is possible
BTW, sometimes miners confirm non-standard transactions, for example https://blockchain.info/tx/...
In the last few hours I am getting 100% connection rejections from
Eligius. I am using a Mac and the Asteroid miner GUI. I also have
MacMiner setup. both are not failing after about a month of
successfully working. But that is not the point of the question.
Check your ISP, check luke's threads on btctalk and on eligius or their IRC chan #Eligius on ...