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2

What you're seeing is the extended transaction serialization format introduced in BIP144 (segregated witness). It adds a marker 0x0001 to indicate the presence of a witness after the version number, and a list of witness stack items after the transaction inputs.


1

There are currently 3 address types defined in Bitcoin: The satoshi-era P2PKH format, which is Base58 encoding of (1 byte version prefix) + (20 bytes pubkeyhash) + (4 bytes checksum). The checksum is the first 4 bytes of the double-SHA256 hash of the 21 bytes that precede it. The version number is 0 for mainnet; it's easy to find lists of prefixes for other ...


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