Is there an example of a single historical case of theft of bitcoin due to a flaw in the design of the bitcoin protocol?
When googling "is bitcoin secure?" it's easy to get confused because you can read endless stories about a lot of people having lots of bitcoins lost or stolen. As far as I can tell, most of these cases occur when the victim:
- Forgot their private key
- Lost control of their private key
- Gave their balance to a custodian, and that custodian lost control of their private key(s)
- Other user error
I'm also aware that, in the history of bitcoin, there have been fundemental flaws, such as the 1 RETURN bug that would allow anyone to spend anyone else's bitcoin with a maliciously crafted transaction.
My question is: is there a single documented case of theft happening due to such a flaw in the actual design of bitcoin that can't be attributed to user error?