1

Understand that MimbleWimble/Grin is privacy centric. Does it use Zero Knowledge Proofs to achieve the privacy goals?

In addition, what consensus algorithm is MimbleWimble/Grin using?

1

Understand that MimbleWimble/Grin is privacy centric. Does it use Zero Knowledge Proofs to achieve the privacy goals?

Yes. Zero Knowledge Proofs (specifically, Range Proofs. Possibly Bulletproofs in the future) contribute to the privacy goals of Grin by giving validators the ability to verify that no inflation or deflation occured in a transaction without needing know the amounts transacted.

In addition, what consensus algorithm is MimbleWimble/Grin using?

Grin uses Nakamoto Consensus (Proof of Work) with the Cuckoo Cycle PoW system. You can find more information on that here: https://github.com/tromp/cuckoo

| improve this answer | |
  • Thanks! Since Proof of Work is used, does it still scale? – Nathan Aw Apr 9 '18 at 0:33
  • @NathanAw no problem! Theoretically, Grin will scale better than bitcoin in terms of total size of the chain with much better privacy features. However, the Cuckoo Cycle itself contributes very little to this scalability. The major space savings come from the transaction "cut through" that can be performed, which is enabled by the Mimblewimble protocol. – Tony Rizko Apr 9 '18 at 0:52
0

A Mimblewimble blockchain relies on two complementary aspects to provide security: Pedersen Commitments and range proofs (in the form of Bulletproof range proofs). Bulletproofs do not require a trusted setup. They rely only on the discrete logarithm assumption, and are made non-interactive using the Fiat-Shamir heuristic.

Pedersen Commitments provide perfectly hiding and computationally binding commitments. Since Mimblewimble commitments are totally confidential and ownership cannot be proved, anyone can try to spend or mess with unspent coins embedded in those commitments. Fortunately, any new UTXO requires a range proof, and this is impossible to create if the input commitment cannot be opened.

A Mimblewimble blockchain grows with the size of the UTXO set. Using Bulletproofs, it would only grow with the number of transactions that have unspent outputs, which is much smaller than the size of the UTXO set.

CoinJoin is a technique to aggregate multiple payments from multiple senders into one unified transaction. Dash deployed an improved version of CoinJoin earlier. Mimblewimble can do CoinJoin non interactively and verifiably in public. Hence Mimblewimble can be viewed as a privacy preserving cryptocurrency approach using Non Interactive CoinJoin technique.

| improve this answer | |

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.