I don't know about the rest of the string but I think the leading bytes are ordered that way to make the types of "addresses" be human reconizable.
From a quick look at the source I think the leading characters, rpshnaf map like so:
r = public Ripple address
p = node private
s = Ripple secret
h = ?
n = node public
a = address family generator or seed ?
f = ...
Like Murch said, there isn't a current text based symbol for it, but if you're going to use it on a web application, you can always use Font Awesome.
After you include the fontawesome library, you use the bitcoin symbol like this:
<i class="fa fa-btc"></i> fa-btc
Example output of the code above would be:
You can find more information ...
Recently I stumbled across this question as I was supposed to explain what Bitcoin was to my 5-year-old nephew.
As the question states that it needs to explain the concept of bitcoin to a non-technical person, I took it a step further and explained it to the kid, who knows nothing (literally).
So here goes my 2 satoshis on what is the best explanation (...
If you create a raw transaction yourself, then that is the raw transaction. Whatever you put in it is exactly what the transaction will be, in the same order.
There are some conventions around output ordering. Some software will randomly permute the outputs; other software uses BIP69 which specifies a deterministic ordering. There is however no requirement ...
This is the PR that made OP_RETURN outputs standard:
The current code:
if (GetBoolArg("-datacarrier", true))
I got the common Bitcoin symbol (B with two lines) approved for addition to Unicode as U+20BF last year. It will hopefully become part of the next Unicode standard in June and then it can be used in text. The character (₿) is already supported by iOS and macOS.
The denial-of-service (DOS) attack is easy to explain: each time a transaction is updated by increasing the sequence number in an input, the whole transaction needs to be propagated through the network again. So if a transaction is 1 KB and there are 10,000 full nodes, you can waste a minimum of 10 MB of network bandwidth each time you update the ...
Bitcoin is a global payment network on the internet. It is self-sustained and allows users to make payments between individuals like cash.
Instead of a company being the referee, Bitcoin is governed neutrally by rules asserted through a network of computers running the same open-source software.
Bitcoin is completely transparent, in that anyone can see ...
The Hash256 is essentially a uint256. However, after reading through much of the wiki and source, it appears that the Hash256 type is meant to be a generic, unsigned integer type that can store any form of hash that is larger than 128 bits.
As an example, all hashes mentioned in the Tree Formats portion of the wiki are stored in Hash256 fields. Some are ...
There's a dedicated C-library for this curve. This is probably the most widely scrutinized library, and it probably has the best performance. Wrappers for other languages are available.
Update in 2020: The Unicode 10.0 release included the Bitcoin symbol ₿ as U+20BF. For your computer to show the symbol in text, you may need to install a font that includes it. For Linux, one such font is GNU Unifont Glyphs.
To my knowledge there doesn't yet exist a single symbol font representation of the B with two vertical lines, although it seems to be ...
I've made a custom font with Bitcoin, Litecoin, and Dogecoin symbols. There's a download link in .otf format in this bitcointalk thread. (It's labeled "Download.")
If this font file doesn't include a cryptocurrency symbol that you need, I'm willing to add it.
There is no limit on the per-input, per-output, fee, or total amount transacted, apart from the fact that all numbers need to be valid BTC amounts (which means not less than 0 and not more than 21M BTC).
To answer your question exactly: why were they made non-standard? Because originally (after a few vulnerabilities in the Script logic in 2010), all scripts were made non-standard except a few whitelisted ones. Since then, more and more groups of scripts have been added to that category (including almost all P2SH scripts, with a few exceptions).
Why have bare ...
The ledger_index is the 256-bit index of a particular entry in the ledger. The ledger's state tree is a hash tree of index/value pairs. Each index is a 256-bit hash of some kind of locator. If the entry is, say, an account root node, the index is a hash of the 160-bit account ID. If the entry is, say, a ripple balance node, the index is a hash of the two ...
By input script, if you mean scriptSig, the max standard scriptSig can be up to 1650 bytes.
See policy.cpp :
// Biggest 'standard' txin is a 15-of-15 P2SH multisig with compressed
// keys (remember the 520 byte limit on redeemScript size). That works
// out to a (15*(33+1))+3=513 byte redeemScript, 513+1+15*(73+1)+3=1627
// bytes of scriptSig, which we ...
Edit: Have a look at MSG_MERKLEBLOCK. Included information is: Block Header, Transaction Count, Hash Count, hashes, flag byte count, and flags.
hashes include everything from the leaf to root, and flags
gives the positions of the leaf in the Merkle tree.
Since the index of the transaction gives it’s position from the left among the leaves in the Merkle ...