Questions tagged [change]

Splitting a transaction and sending some of the coins back to the sender. Necessary for some currencies due to the design of the protocol.

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1answer
29 views

Can you have a transaction without a change output?

While reading about the fees here https://metamug.com/article/security/bitcoin-transaction-fee-satoshi-per-byte.html The article said that "In the simplest case, you'll have one input and two ...
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1answer
57 views

Why Would Someone Not Use a new Change Address

I have previously asked questions and read about the importance of always using a new address every-time you receive a transaction, even for change. Sometimes when I watch the block explorer I see ...
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How does change address interact with original address

change address is an additional address inside a wallet, which u can create with a raw transaction with 2 outputs. What I want to know is how does this change address interact with the (for a lack of ...
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What does it mean ''Unconfirmed change may be issued''?

After i send some BTC the left over BTC came back and goes to a new Address in my Wallet, how come ? What does it mean ''Unconfirmed change may be issued'' ?
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listreceivedbyaddress() does not return info about change addresses

listreceivedbyaddress() does not return info about the change addresses (m/84'/1'/0'/1/*) , only about the receive addresses (m/84'/1'/0'/0/*). However the command getreceivedbyaddress("address&...
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1answer
68 views

How to validate the change address in a multisig transaction?

I am using Specter Desktop to create a PSBT for a multisig transaction with some hardware wallets to sign. Part of the PSBT is a change address and I can match what the hardware wallet says to what ...
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1answer
48 views

I somehow sent a transaction to my own wallet address

I wanted to make a transaction to a vendor but somehow I made it to my own address? It is yellow color and I put very very low fee. It is unconfirmed yet because of the fees. Should I just increase ...
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1answer
80 views

How is the UTXOs of each partially-spent TxIn determined?

My current understanding of a transaction is as follows: a transaction (Tx) can have multiple inputs (which are previous unspent transactions = UTXOs), let's call them the TxIn a Tx can have multiple ...
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6answers
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Why is there “Change” in Bitcoins?

I have read about a change address and wondered why there even is the concept of change? Let's say I received 1 BTC from some person A and I want to send 0.4 BTC to another person B, afterwards. From ...
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1answer
28 views

Can we determine which one of the referenced outputs corresponds to a cashback transaction in BTC transaction scripts?

let me quickly elaborate the question. The structure of a BTC transaction script looks somewhat like the following example "...
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1answer
35 views

Why do some addresses seem to send bitcoin to themselves?

When looking at block 630873, I noticed that some addresses seem to send BTC to themselves: Am I misunderstanding the situation, or does 1A7tWftaGHohhGcJMVkkm4zAYnF53KjRnU send large sums of BTC to ...
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1answer
216 views

Where is the change from the output stored in?

I'm learning that Bitcoin doesn't have a way to represent the account balance, but it's, rather, a sum of UTXO owned by the users of the private key. Then where is the change from the output stored? ...
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214 views

Verify Receive and Change Addresses

I run a coldcard with Electrum and Electrum-Personal-Server. As I understand it, we use hardware wallets because we don't trust our laptops. However, I've only been able to verify the sending ...
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1answer
472 views

Cannot sign txn with change address using bitcoinjs-lib psbt

I am having a difficult time figuring out how to sign a spend from a change address. I get Error: cannot sign for this input with the key <value>. The initial transaction works fine, where I ...
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1answer
39 views

Does bitcoin qt need to synch before I can spend my change?

Sorry for the follow up question... i was trying to transfer my btc to a new wallet (believing the original one had been compromised). I sent 2 tiny test transfers of $1 then when they arrived in the ...
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1answer
244 views

Privacy: How should I handle UTXO's?

We know that, for security and anonymity, we shouldn't reuse addresses. Also, there is the idea of change avoidance to protect ourselves from any number of change detection heuristics. But I find ...
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1answer
60 views

Is a bitcoin UTXO divisible?

In this video Andreas Antonopolous says an output is indivisible and therefore if a transaction smaller than the output is done, the rest is used as change and returned to your different address of ...
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1answer
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How does Internal Keychain exactly work?

I understand that an internal keychain is used to receive a change of payment when I pay someone. For example, I pay $20, but it costs $17, so I get $3. But what I don't understand is how can there ...
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1answer
72 views

Why is there sometimes no output that sends funds back to the sender's address?

'A' has one bitcoin. 'A' tries to send a 0.5 bit coin to 'B'. Two utxo are created. First, "utxo" sends "B" 0.5 bitcoin. Second, "utxo" where "A" remits remaining bitcoins to "A" except for 0.5 ...
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1answer
25 views

wallet that does not abstract change addresses?

I wanted a hands on approach to see change adresses myself instead of hiding away all the details. I also want to see non-deterministic wallets just for education so that I can understand. When we ...
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2answers
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Get back my change [closed]

Please help. I was new to thew blockchain and did not know about getting change back. when the address to give me my change showed up on my Ledger nano wallet I hit the x instead of the check mark. I ...
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1answer
36 views

My bitcoin change [duplicate]

I am new to this.I have sent out bitcoin over the blockchain before and saw that the hash just took a fee. However the other day it took out over.95 of a bitcoin when wanting to only send 0.04 of a ...
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1answer
51 views

May it be a risk to use the origin as the change address?

Follow scenario: The balance of my origin address is 1 BTC. I'm transfering 0.1 BTC to a shop where I'm buying some goods, my wallet returns the change to my origin address. Now my origin address has ...
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2answers
370 views

Bitcoin core wallet - got 0 balance after transaction [duplicate]

I did a test lightning transaction by sending 0.00001 btc to some exchange with using bitcoin core 0.16 (downloaded from bitcoin.org and installed to dedicated pc) and... it took the rest balance of ...
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2answers
891 views

Determine which transaction output is a change address and which is not [duplicate]

Is there a way to determine which transaction output is a likely a change address and which is not? Looking at this transaction, there are two outputs - a change address and the output address. ...
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2answers
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BIP44 and change addresses

I always wondered why BIP44 HD wallet differentiate between internal change addresses (m/44'/0'/0'/1/*) and external receiving (m/44'/0'/0'/0/*)? Why do some wallets advice me not using internal ...
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1answer
218 views

Tamper - evident log with hash pointer

We know that the hash of the previous block is included in the header of the next block. So, if an adversary change the data in the block no. 10, then they hash of it will be changed and the header of ...
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2answers
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What's with this address 1111111111111111111114oLvT2?

It was the burn address with the most BTC received in 2017 according to http://bitcoinwhoswho.com/blog/2017/12/30/8-97-bitcoins-burned-in-2017/. It's Hash160 is ...
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1answer
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how to get change address using derived BIP44 publicKey?

I have generated a private key using my master seed private key. PHP Code: $bip44 = HierarchicalKeyFactory::fromExtended($result['masterPrivKey']); $publicKey = $bip44->derivePath("m/44'/0'/0'")...
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1answer
1k views

Is this an incoming or outgoing transaction

I recently looked at this bitcoin transaction: transaction: 3b0e8fae9640e1d043cfef14815c6885e58d71e7ee31cfa53f9c9d5acb138a4d For those who do not want to look at the transaction, I will give a ...
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1answer
116 views

Bitcoin Address Workflow on Spend Leftovers

I need to understand the correct Bitcoin address workflow for transactions. I created an address a while back with a common wallet and sent some coin there. The address is at segwit m/49'/0'/0'/0/0. I ...
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1answer
452 views

bip44 address generation

I am writing hd wallet following bip44. After each transaction, should I create a brand new change address each time? Or can I use the same change address multiple times? What is the recommended ...
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1answer
244 views

Who stores your private key?

How does Bitcoin work when someone opens a wallet and gets a private key? Who stores that data? How could you access it if your forgot it? Also, how is it verified when someone exchanges bitcoin and ...
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1answer
62 views

Seemingly random transactions on testnet

I'm testing my bitcoin marketplace site using testnet. Sometimes I'll simulate a payment from a buyer to a seller. In this scenario, my site generates a payment address and the fake buyer is supposed ...
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1answer
141 views

Where does change go when making a transaction from funds imported from a paper wallet?

I'm new to bitcoin and have read numerous articles about it, but I still have questions about how it works. All the articles that I read say the same that, once I spend bitcoin from paper wallet its ...
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58 views

Where is the rest of my bitcoin? [duplicate]

I sent bitcoin from one of my wallets to another wallet using one address (output) then this is what I got only a fraction of my bitcoin the bigger amount went to another unknown address to me https:...
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1answer
2k views

Increase transaction fee with Bitcoin Core client fails because of no change output. Why?

Context I created a transaction (using the full balance of an output) with the Bitcoin Core Wallet (running as full node). The transaction got into the mempool of major nodes, as expected. I set the ...
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1answer
35 views

How to distinguish between change and actual sent amount looking at transaction data

I am building analytics starting from blockchain raw data (blk**.dat files). I have read in the bitcoin wiki that once the inputs have been chosen for a transaction, they must be all used: so a ...
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0answers
309 views

Elecrtrum Change Address Problem [duplicate]

While I sending BTC to specific adress, it went to it but also it went to another address. How can i refund it?
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1answer
666 views

First bitcoin payment, sent X BTC, but transaction amount on blockchain.info shows as more than 2X?

I sent 0.01047 BTC through coinpayments.net using electrum. First I selected minimum fee option, then I went back and selected one level higher as the fee tier. My electrum wallet and blockexplorer....
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1answer
52 views

Under what conditions could a change address immediately send the entire balance to a third-party address?

I have a situation where I sent 1 coin to and address I own and my wallet sent the unspent output to a change address but due to a glitch in the wallet software, that change address doesn't show up in ...
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1answer
76 views

Can bitcoins be moved from the origin address to the origin address? [duplicate]

I ask this because it seems more efficient to send change to the original address instead of a new one. Does the cryptography not allow this?
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1answer
3k views

What happens when two transactions send to the same address?

I would like to know the consequences of sending bitcoin several times to the same address. Let us say I send 1 BTC from Address1 to Address3 and later I send 2 BTC from Address2 to Address3 again. ...
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1answer
317 views

Why didn't my change come back to my wallet? And where is it now?

I sent a payment for 198.52 mBTC using Electrum. There were two outputs. One for 196.39 mBTC that arrived. There was another output of 2 mBTC that I'm assuming was processed as change. Does anyone ...
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1answer
108 views

2 mBTC that was outputted as change in a transaction I just sent didn't come back to my wallet

Hi I'm new to this so may be asking a stupid question. I just sent a payment for 198.52 mBTC. There were two outputs. One for 196.39 mBTC that arrived. There was another output of 2 mBTC that didn't ...
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4answers
3k views

If bitcoin is indivisible, where does change come from?

Let's say I want to give Alice .22 BTC. I currently have in my wallet 1 BTC. Because Bitcoin is indivisible, I have to spend the 1 BTC I have as input, and .78 BTC will be returned to me as change, ...
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1answer
67 views

can I recover the change of a TX?

I was reading and I have a question, if you please can help me. I send 0.00335 BTC in this TX: bf3eedc1929042444e62badaf885a8dd49333c31ff40d023175a90da241ec2e0 and I see the 0.00335 as spent, but the ...
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1answer
2k views

Explorer showing different balance then my Blockchain wallet

My Blockchain wallet address on the explorer, shows a low balance (under .001) but when I log into the wallet I can see what should be there about .25 BTC. My Electrum wallet is also doing the same. ...
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1answer
107 views

Why did the remaining money go to another address?

I'll try to be short. I gifted 1 BTC to a friend several months ago. She is a completely non-technical person. She tried to send a small fraction of that 1 BTC to her brother, and either she seriously ...
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2answers
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PoS (Proof of Stake) what happens to the coin age of the change after I send an amount? [closed]

Ok simple scenario I have 100 'whatever' coins in a PoS wallet, they are mature and have a stake weight that is approaching the weight to stake and forge a block. I send 1 whatever coin to my freind ...